Top of page

Map Map of the Trans-Mississippi of the United States during the period of the American fur trade as conducted from St. Louis between the years 1807 and 1843.

About this Item

Title

  • Map of the Trans-Mississippi of the United States during the period of the American fur trade as conducted from St. Louis between the years 1807 and 1843.

Summary

  • "This map, published in 1902 in H.M. Chittenden's History of the Fur Trade of the Far West, shows major cartographic features of the American West in the early 19th century, including the location of key Native American populations, forts, trading posts, and physical features, such as mountains and rivers. French voyageurs pioneered fur trading and trapping in Canada and the American West before the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, but the basic geography of this vast region was poorly understood before the Lewis and Clark expedition of 1804-6. Following the expedition, the fur trade rapidly expanded in the region between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Ocean. One of the most famous American fur traders, John Jacob Astor, established his Pacific Fur Company in 1810 near the mouth of the Columbia River in Astoria, Oregon. The British-controlled Hudson Bay Company was at this time the predominant force in the fur trade on the North American continent, but it was increasingly challenged by Russian traders in Alaska and by American frontiersmen. The map shows the routes of the most important expeditions to the West, including those of Lewis and Clark, Wilson Price Hunt (the Astor Expedition of 1810-12), Jedediah Smith, and William Sublette. Saint Louis was the starting point for many of these expeditions. It became an important metropolis and was for decades the gateway to the American West and a provisioning and outfitting point for traders, trappers, explorers, and settlers." World Digital Library.

Names

  • Chittenden, Hiram Martin, 1858-1917.

Created / Published

  • [S.l., 1902]

Headings

  • -  Fur trade--West (U.S.)--History--19th century--Maps
  • -  West (U.S.)--History--19th century--Maps
  • -  United States--West

Notes

  • -  13194 U.S. Copyright Office
  • -  From: History of the Fur Trade of the Far West, by H.M. Chittenden, vol. 3.
  • -  Available also through the Library of Congress web site as a raster image.

Medium

  • 1 map ; 49 x 49 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • G4051.S12 1902 .M3 TIL

Repository

  • Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 dcu

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • 99446195

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.

Note that the written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Chittenden, Hiram Martin. Map of the Trans-Mississippi of the United States during the period of the American fur trade as conducted from St. Louis between the yearsand 1843. [S.l, 1902] Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/99446195/.

APA citation style:

Chittenden, H. M. (1902) Map of the Trans-Mississippi of the United States during the period of the American fur trade as conducted from St. Louis between the yearsand 1843. [S.l] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/99446195/.

MLA citation style:

Chittenden, Hiram Martin. Map of the Trans-Mississippi of the United States during the period of the American fur trade as conducted from St. Louis between the yearsand 1843. [S.l, 1902] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/99446195/>.