Book/Printed Material International rivers,

About this Item


  • International rivers,


  • In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. International Rivers is Number 149 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion of the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. The study was written by Belgian legal scholar Georges Kaeckenbeeck (1892-1973) and thus is one of relatively few in the series issued under the name of an individual author. Kaeckenbeeck distinguishes between a national river lying wholly within the territory of one state and subject to its jurisdiction, and an international river, defined as a "river navigable from the sea, which flows through or along the territory of two or more States." International rivers are subject to the jurisdiction of more than one state and may be subject to principles or provisions of international law affecting the river as a whole. Part one covers general legal theories and principles, including those associated with or derived from feudalism, Roman law, the law of nature, and other sources. Part two deals with the laws relating to international rivers growing out of the Congress of Vienna (1814-15) and their application to the Rhine, Scheldt, Elbe, Weser, and other European rivers. This section also covers the legal regime governing navigation on the Danube River, which was established in the second half of the 19th century, but which generally followed the precedents set at the Congress of Vienna. Also discussed are the arrangements made by the European powers at the Conference of Berlin (1884-85) regarding navigation on the Congo and Niger Rivers. The final section draws general conclusions, summarizes the attitudes of the major powers regarding international riparian law, and discusses standard provisions contained in agreements relating to international rivers. The appendices include the texts of important international agreements and a brief summary of international legal issues relating to North American rivers, notably the Mississippi and Saint Lawrence, and to the Amazon and other South American rivers. World Digital Library.


  • Kaeckenbeeck, Georges, 1892-
  • Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section.

Created / Published

  • London, H. M. Stationery off., 1920.


  • -  International rivers


  • -  "Appendix" (p. 60-65) includes extracts from "the final act of the Congress of Vienna, the Treaty of Paris, 1856, and the Treaty of Bucarest, 1918."
  • -  "Authorities": p. 66-68.


  • 3 p.1., 68 p. 22 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • K3700 .K343 1920
  • D6 .G7 no. 149 Copy 2.

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • a22001004

Online Format

  • online text
  • pdf
  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is unaware of any copyright or other restrictions in the World Digital Library Collection. Absent any such restrictions, these materials are free to use and reuse. Researchers are encouraged to review the source information attached to each item. For information on contacting WDL partner organizations, see this archived list of partners

The Library asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here.

Credit Line: [Original Source citation], World Digital Library

More about Copyright and other Restrictions

For additional information and contact information for many of the partner organizations, see this archived capture of the World Digital Library site from 2021.

For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Kaeckenbeeck, Georges, and Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section. International Rivers. London, H. M. Stationery off, 1920. Pdf.

APA citation style:

Kaeckenbeeck, G. & Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section. (1920) International Rivers. London, H. M. Stationery off. [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Kaeckenbeeck, Georges, and Great Britain. Foreign Office. Historical Section. International Rivers. London, H. M. Stationery off, 1920. Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.