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Audio Recording Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana: recordings of evening dances, part 1

Crow Fair: evening dances

About this Item


  • Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana: recordings of evening dances, part 1


  • Stanton, Gary Ward, 1946- (Collector)
  • Johnson, Paula J., 1954- (Collector)
  • Young, Kay, 1931- (Collector)
  • Crummett, Michael, 1948- (Collector)
  • Toelken, Barre, 1935- (Collector)
  • Jabbour, Alan (Collector)

Created / Published

  • Crow Agency, Montana, August 16, 1979


  • -  Indians of North America
  • -  Indian dance
  • -  Crow Fair Celebration
  • -  War dance
  • -  Ethnography
  • -  Field recordings
  • -  Music
  • -  Sound recordings
  • -  United States -- Montana -- Crow Agency


  • Ethnography
  • Field recordings
  • Music
  • Sound recordings


  • -  Index data: Part 1 of a 3-part recording made at the evening dance event at Crow Fair: the recording begins with an intertribal "war dance" in progress, the fieldworker's notes call attention to the "women singing an octave higher" than the men, the notes also identify performers as "Wolf Bow Singers, Gary Pretty Paint, lead singer, (group made up of 7-9 men singers [from] Sioux, Cree, Crow [tribes], plus a half-circle of women standing"; another intertribal "war dance" with the Salt Lake Singers, Collin Deputee, lead singer; the notes state that the "drum has about seven singers, mostly from southwestern tribes, the public address announcer can be heard in the background, as in most to the following dances"; intertribal "war dance," Wolf Bow Singers; intertribal "war dance," Night Hawk Singers, Cedric Walks, lead singer, fieldworker's notes add "Crow (?) drum" and adds "intermittent trouble with their own small p.a. system, bystander asks Stanton for a dub of the tape"; intertribal "war dance," Wolf Bow Singers with women one octave higher, fieldworker's notes add "some distortion at 20 and 22.5" elapsed time; recognition/honor song for Natalie Stewart, Lodge Grass, elected princess to represent the Wyola district of the Crow Reservation, the Crow Camp Crier can be heard intermittently chanting and speaking over a separate p.a. system, honoring the same young woman simultaneously; honor dance, sung by the Salt Lake Singers, as a prelude to a giveaway for Natalie Stewart (Stewart content continues on part 2).
  • -  Note: This series of recordings was made on a Nagra IV-S stereo tape recorder, set to monaural, using one Sennheiser ME80 hyper-cardioid pattern microphone. Fieldworker Gary Stanton's notes state that he carried the Nagra on his shoulder, with the microphone in a pistol grip, as he stood next to the drum, i.e., the Indian drummers and singers.


  • 7-inch reel

Call Number/Physical Location

  • Call number: AFC 1981/005: AFS 20418
  • MBRS shelflist: RXA 0904
  • Field project identifier: MT9-GS-R33

Source Collection

  • Montana Folklife Survey collection (AFC 1981/005)


  • American Folklife Center

Digital Id

Online Format

  • audio

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress believes that some of the materials in this collection are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions, and are therefore free to use or reuse. For example, the fieldwork in this collection is in the public domain in the United States.

However, the Library has obtained permission for the use of other materials, and presents additional materials for educational and research purposes in accordance with fair use under United States copyright law. For example, some of the recordings contain copyrighted music, and not all of the performers and other individuals who were recorded signed releases for public use of their work.

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Credit line: Montana Folklife Survey collection (AFC 1981/005), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Stanton, Gary Ward, Paula J Johnson, Kay Young, Michael Crummett, Barre Toelken, and Alan Jabbour. Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana: recordings of evening dances, part 1. Crow Agency, Montana, 1979. Audio.

APA citation style:

Stanton, G. W., Johnson, P. J., Young, K., Crummett, M., Toelken, B. & Jabbour, A. (1979) Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana: recordings of evening dances, part 1. Crow Agency, Montana. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Stanton, Gary Ward, et al. Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana: recordings of evening dances, part 1. Crow Agency, Montana, 1979. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.