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Audio Recording Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana: recordings of evening dances, part 2

Crow Fair: evening dances

About this Item


  • Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana: recordings of evening dances, part 2


  • Stanton, Gary Ward, 1946- (Collector)
  • Johnson, Paula J., 1954- (Collector)
  • Young, Kay, 1931- (Collector)
  • Crummett, Michael, 1948- (Collector)
  • Toelken, Barre, 1935- (Collector)
  • Jabbour, Alan (Collector)

Created / Published

  • Crow Agency, Montana, August 16, 1979


  • -  Indians of North America
  • -  Indian dance
  • -  Crow Fair Celebration
  • -  War dance
  • -  Ethnography
  • -  Field recordings
  • -  Music
  • -  Sound recordings
  • -  United States -- Montana -- Crow Agency


  • Ethnography
  • Field recordings
  • Music
  • Sound recordings


  • -  Note: This series of recordings was made on a Nagra IV-S stereo tape recorder, set to monaural, using one Sennheiser ME80 hyper-cardioid pattern microphone. Fieldworker Gary Stanton's notes state that he carried the Nagra on his shoulder, with the microphone in a pistol grip, as he stood next to the drum, i.e., the Indian drummers and singers.
  • -  Index data: Part 2 of a 3-part recording made at the evening dance event at Crow Fair: Crow orators, mostly from family, honoring Natalie Stewart (continued from part 1); the fieldworker's notes indicate the following segments are intermittent, Natalie Stewart's friends and family are called forward to receive gifts, some make speeches, meanwhile the Wolf Bow Singers, impatient to sing for dancing, are rehearsing fairly aggressively on the sidelines, some orators sing or chant parts of their delivery, at 5.5 or 6 minutes elapsed time, five men chant, standing in a line, bending their knees in time to the music, then the Wolf Bow drum signals "amen" and express their wish to get started again by means of a flurry of drum beats, then more oratory, with extended pacing of silent periods; someone says that Patrice Jackson Peters has received word that her father in Canada has died this evening, and Peter furnished money to the Salt Lake drum to sing in honor of her father while she and some Crow officials dance; intertribal war dance by Wolf Bow Singers, fieldworker's notes call attention to the way a new phrase is begun by the lead singer while another strong singer holds the last note of the previous phrase, and adds that this is an excellent performance, although the tape runs out before it has been completed.


  • 7-inch reel

Call Number/Physical Location

  • Call number: AFC 1981/005: AFS 20419
  • MBRS shelflist: RXA 0905
  • Field project identifier: MT9-GS-R34

Source Collection

  • Montana Folklife Survey collection (AFC 1981/005)


  • American Folklife Center

Digital Id

Online Format

  • audio

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress believes that some of the materials in this collection are in the public domain or have no known copyright restrictions, and are therefore free to use or reuse. For example, the fieldwork in this collection is in the public domain in the United States.

However, the Library has obtained permission for the use of other materials, and presents additional materials for educational and research purposes in accordance with fair use under United States copyright law. For example, some of the recordings contain copyrighted music, and not all of the performers and other individuals who were recorded signed releases for public use of their work.

In addition, the American Folklife Center and the professional fieldworkers who carry out these projects feel a strong ethical responsibility to the people they have visited and who have consented to have their lives documented for the historical record. The Center asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here. Researchers are also reminded that privacy and publicity rights may pertain to certain uses of this material.

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Credit line: Montana Folklife Survey collection (AFC 1981/005), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Stanton, Gary Ward, Paula J Johnson, Kay Young, Michael Crummett, Barre Toelken, and Alan Jabbour. Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana: recordings of evening dances, part 2. Crow Agency, Montana, 1979. Audio.

APA citation style:

Stanton, G. W., Johnson, P. J., Young, K., Crummett, M., Toelken, B. & Jabbour, A. (1979) Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana: recordings of evening dances, part 2. Crow Agency, Montana. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Stanton, Gary Ward, et al. Crow Fair, Crow Agency, Montana: recordings of evening dances, part 2. Crow Agency, Montana, 1979. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.