Top of page

Raymond Davis [detail from video interview]

Veterans History Project Service Summary:

  • War or Conflict: Vietnam War, 1961-1975; World War, 1939-1945; Korean War, 1950-1953
  • Branch of Service: Marine Corps
  • Unit of Service: Headquarters, US European Command (EURCOM); 3rd Marine Division; SEATO Expeditionary Brigade, EXLIGTAS; 9th Marine Expeditionary Brigade; Provisional Corps in South Vietnam; USS Portland (CA 33); 1st Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun Battery, 1st Marine Division; Marine Barracks New River; 1st Special Weapons Battalion; 1st Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division; 1st Provisional Marine Brigade; 9th Marine Corps Reserve Infantry Battalion; 1st Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division; Marine Corps Headquarters
  • Location of Service: Washington, DC; Paris, France; Okinawa, Japan; Philippines; Vietnam; Quantico, Virginia; Guam (Mariana Islands); Chicago, Illinois; Chosin Reservoir, Korea; Toktong Pass, Korea; Washington, DC; Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania; Quantico, Virginia; Aberdeen, Maryland; Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; Parris Island, South Carolina; New River, North Carolina; Guadalcanal (Solomon Islands); Peleliu Islands; New Guinea; Cape Gloucester, New Britain Island (Bismarck Archipelago); Pavuvu Island, Russell Islands; Guam (Mariana Islands); Pacific Theater
  • Highest Rank: Colonel; General; Lieutenant Colonel
  • Collection Number: AFC/2001/001/89653

View full service history

Interview / Recording

About this Item

Title

  • Raymond G. Davis Collection

Names

  • Wilkerson, Thomas L.
  • Davis, Raymond G.
  • Congressional Medal of Honor Foundation (CMOH)
  • unknown interviewer

Home State

  • Georgia

Headings

  • -  Davis, Raymond G.
  • -  World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal Narratives
  • -  United States. Marine Corps.
  • -  Korean War, 1950-1953 -- Personal Narratives
  • -  United States. Marine Corps.
  • -  Vietnam War, 1961-1975 -- Personal Narratives
  • -  United States. Marine Corps.

Repository

  • Veterans History Project, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Gender

  • Male

Status

  • veteran

Service History

  • World War, 1939-1945

    • Branch of Service: Marine Corps
    • Unit of Service: USS Portland (CA 33); 1st Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun Battery, 1st Marine Division; Marine Barracks New River; 1st Special Weapons Battalion; 1st Battalion, 1st Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division
    • Location of Service: Philadelphia Navy Yard, Pennsylvania; Quantico, Virginia; Aberdeen, Maryland; Guantanamo Bay, Cuba; Parris Island, South Carolina; New River, North Carolina; Guadalcanal (Solomon Islands); Peleliu Islands; New Guinea; Cape Gloucester, New Britain Island (Bismarck Archipelago); Pavuvu Island, Russell Islands; Guam (Mariana Islands); Pacific Theater
    • Highest Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
    • Dates of Service: 1938-1972
    • Entrance into Service: Commissioned
    • Military Status: veteran
    • Service History Note: The veteran participated in Army ROTC in college, switching to Marine Corps during the Great Depression; he was wounded by a mortar during the invasion of the Peleliu Islands; he trained reservists in Chicago during Korean War; fought at Chosin River; was surrounded with unit by Chinese forces outnumbering his by 10 to 1; attributes his survival of Chinese assault to Chinese lack of sufficient weapons and poor tactics; received the Medal of Honor for his part in rescuing trapped Marines at Battle of Turkey Hill in Korea; commanded 3rd Marine Division in South Vietnam.
  • Korean War, 1950-1953

    • Branch of Service: Marine Corps
    • Unit of Service: 1st Provisional Marine Brigade; 9th Marine Corps Reserve Infantry Battalion; 1st Battalion, 7th Marine Regiment, 1st Marine Division; Marine Corps Headquarters
    • Location of Service: Guam (Mariana Islands); Chicago, Illinois; Chosin Reservoir, Korea; Toktong Pass, Korea; Washington, DC
    • Highest Rank: Colonel
    • Entrance into Service: Commissioned
    • Military Status: veteran
    • Service History Note: The veteran earned the Medal of Honor for his service during the battle of the Chosin Reservoir on 12/01/1950.
  • Vietnam War, 1961-1975

    • Branch of Service: Marine Corps
    • Unit of Service: Headquarters, US European Command (EURCOM); 3rd Marine Division; SEATO Expeditionary Brigade, EXLIGTAS; 9th Marine Expeditionary Brigade; Provisional Corps in South Vietnam
    • Location of Service: Washington, DC; Paris, France; Okinawa, Japan; Philippines; Vietnam; Quantico, Virginia
    • Highest Rank: General
    • Entrance into Service: Commissioned
    • Military Status: veteran
    • Service History Note: The veteran also served as commanding general of the Marine Corps Development and Education Command and assistant commandant of the Marine Corps.

Materials

  • Video: Betacam SP [1 item] -- Oral history interview (collected unknown)
  • Video: Betacam SP [1 item] -- Oral history interview (collected unknown)
  • Manuscript: Biographical information [2 items] -- Typewritten document (collected unknown)

Collection Number

  • AFC/2001/001/89653

Cite as

  • Raymond G. Davis Collection (AFC/2001/001/89653), Veterans History Project, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Online Format

  • image
  • video

Additional Metadata Formats

Rights & Access

Using VHP Material in Publication or Exhibition

The Veterans History Project (VHP) at the Library of Congress collects, preserves and makes accessible the firsthand recollections of U.S. military veterans who served from World War I through more recent conflicts and peacekeeping missions, so that future generations may hear directly from veterans and better understand what they saw, did and felt during their service. The Veterans History Project Collection includes oral histories along with documentary materials such as original letters, diaries, photographs, and memoirs.

Veterans and interviewers contribute these materials to the Library for scholarly and educational purposes, retaining any copyright they may hold. Therefore, permission must be obtained before using the interview or other materials in exhibition or publication. Researchers or others who would like to make further use of these materials should contact the Veterans History Project for assistance.

As a publicly supported institution, the Library generally does not own rights to material in its collections. Therefore, it does not charge permission fees for use of such material and cannot give or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute material in its collections. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item from the Library’s collections and for securing any necessary permissions rests with persons desiring to use the item.

Please contact us with questions.

Obtaining Copies of VHP Materials

In order for VHP materials to be duplicated, we must receive written permission from the interviewee for you to obtain a copy of the recording unless the proposed use is limited to personal use, research, or other uses permissible by copyright law. If the interviewee is deceased, their next-of-kin may grant written permission.

Please contact VHP for assistance if you need to contact a veteran for permission to use their materials in exhibition or publication, or if you have received permission from the veteran and need access to high-resolution copies of VHP collection materials.

Citing VHP Materials

Please use the following formats when citing Veterans History Project materials (substituting the appropriate name and collection ID number).

Materials as a whole:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/[VHP collection]), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Manuscript material:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/[VHP collection]), Memoirs (MS02), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.
  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/[VHP collection]), Transcript (MS04), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.
  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/[VHP collection]), Correspondence (MS01), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Recording:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/[VHP collection]), Audio recording (SR01), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.
  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/[VHP collection]), Video recording (MV01), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Photograph:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/[VHP collection]), Photographs (PH01), photographer unknown, Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.
  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/[VHP collection]), Photographs (PH03-PH14), Ralph Williams photographer, Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Computer file:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/[VHP collection]), Computer file (CF01), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Artifact:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/[VHP collection]), Artifact (AR01), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Wilkerson, Thomas L, Raymond G Davis, Congressional Medal Of Honor Foundation, and Unknown Interviewer. Raymond G. Davis Collection. 1938. Personal Narrative. https://www.loc.gov/item/afc2001001.89653/.

APA citation style:

Wilkerson, T. L., Davis, R. G., Congressional Medal Of Honor Foundation & Unknown Interviewer. (1938) Raymond G. Davis Collection. [Personal Narrative] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/afc2001001.89653/.

MLA citation style:

Wilkerson, Thomas L, et al. Raymond G. Davis Collection. 1938. Personal Narrative. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/afc2001001.89653/>.