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Veterans History Project Service Summary:

  • War or Conflict: World War, 1939-1945
  • Branch of Service: Army
  • Unit of Service: Judge Advocate General's (JAG) Office
  • Location of Service: Ann Arbor, Michigan; Camp Van Dorn, Mississippi; Philippines; Japan; Pacific Theater
  • Highest Rank: Captain

View full service history

The end of the war brought a reckoning of the atrocities committed during it, and war crimes trials in Germany and Japan stood front and center in this process. A Captain in the Judge Advocate General’s (JAG) Office, Frank Hamilton Morrison II assisted in prosecuting war criminals accused of mistreating prisoners of war (POWs) in the Pacific Theater. The military papers included in his collection--trial reports, questionnaires given to former POWs to document their experiences, a statement from an accused war criminal--provide a glimpse into the administrative end of war crimes trials, and the vast amount of research and documentation that went into these trials. The photographs in Morrison’s collection depict not only his time in the courtroom, but also his daily life while stationed in Tokyo, his travels through post-war Japan, and his interactions with Japanese civilians.

[ Photo Album ]

More Resources

[ Note from the war crimes trials, U.S. vs. Yuhichi Sakamoto [2/25/1946] ]
[ Memo presenting Captain Frank Morrison with the Bronze Star ]
[ Form letter from President Roosevelt to newly inducted soldiers in the United States Army ]
[ Photostat copy of a letter from the Secretary of State advising he has had word from Tokyo that Japan will respect the Geneva Convention in regards to the treatment of American POWs. [2/4/1942] ]
[ Record of a telephone conversation [9/7/1945] ]
[ Order from General Headquarters, United States Army Forces, Pacific ]

Show more resources (40)

[ Memo regarding procedure in the matter of cumulative testimony [9/7/1945] ]
[ Fragment of notes [undated] ]
[ Memo to Captain Morrison outlining his responsibilities as Acting Chief of Investigating Teams at the 29th Replacement Depot [9/5/1945] ]
[ Memo to Team Supervisors [9/5/1945] ]
[ Order to officers and enlisted men [9/11/1945] ]
[ Order to civilian employees of the 29th Replacement Depo [9/4/1945] ]
[ Orders to the Chief War Crimes Investigating Det AFPAC [9/7/1945] ]
[ Sample Daily Report Form, 29th Replacement Depot, 61st battalion [9/12/1945] ]
[ Organizational set up of returnee interrogation group, war crimes detachment, office of the Staff Judge Advocate [9/13/1945] ]
[ Carbon copy of a document, "Allied War Crimes Interrogation", outlining the officers in charge and their responsibilities ]
[ Order to Officers involved in the War Crimes Investigating Det APO 500 [9/4/1945] ]
[ Notice of move of specified Officers to the 29th Replacement Depot for the interrogation of Allied Prisoners of War and internees. [9/4/1945] ]
[ Advice to officers transferred to the 29th Replacement Depot for the interrogation of Allied Prisoners of War and Internees [ca. 9/1945] ]
[ Notice that the specified men have been placed on temporary duty with the 29th Replacement Depot [9/4/1945] ]
[ Memo to Maj. Kenneth G. Schwarz from Frank H. Morrison II [9/8/1945] ]
[ Memo presenting Captain Frank Morrison with the Bronze Star ]
[ General orders #231 listing Frank Morrison among others as the recipient of a Bronze Star medal ]
[ Permit for official visits to Sugamo and Omori Prisons [12/1945] ]
[ Report on the trial of Yuhichi Sakamoto [Feb. 1946] ]
[ To-do list and list of responsibilities ]
[ Memo regarding the taking of depositions and interrogation of recovered personnel [9/13/1945] ]
[ List of duties and responsibilities for various members of the War Crimes office [9/8/1945] ]
[ Blank questionairre for POWs or Internees ]
[ Allied War Crimes Interrogation list of officers and duties, with handwritten notes ]
[ List of civilian reporters, U.S. Naval personnel and assorted other people involved in the War Crimes trials in Japan ]
[ Photostat copy of the letter sent to Japan via Switzerland requesting the Japanese government follow the Geneva Convention in the treatment of prisoners of war [Dec. 18, 1941] ]
[ Indictment against Yuhichi Sakamoto [Dec. 1945] ]
[ Blank afidavit form ]
[ Statement of Accused in the trial of Yuhichi Sakamoto ]
[ War Crimes Office Indoctrination Course, interrogation of witnesses and suspects ]
[ Memo: "Outline of Procedure for Trial of Accused War Criminals" ]
[ War Crimes Office Indoctrination Course, outline of investigative methods and techniques ]
[ Memo: "Rules of Procedures and Outline of Procedure for Trials of Accused War Criminals ]
[ Article on the Army Court-Martial system by Col. Archibald King of the Judge Advocate General's Department ]
[ Camp Regulations for Camp Van Dorn, Mississippi [10/15/1944] ]
[ Letter to veteran from Marcel Pellerin in Kobe, Japan and "souvenir" of Japanese paper with "family greetings printed" on it ]
[ Illustration of the "Head Office, Tokyo" ]
[ Postcard depicting the business center of 1946 Tokyo ]
[ Postcard depicting the Kyoto Hotel, Kyoto, Japan ]
[ List of captions to photos used at the War Crimes Trials for the Pacific Theater ]

About this Item

Title

  • Frank Hamilton Morrison, II Collection

Names

  • Morrison II, Frank Hamilton
  • Morrison, Margaret

State of Birth

  • TN

Headings

  • -  Morrison II, Frank Hamilton
  • -  World War, 1939-1945 -- Personal Narratives
  • -  United States. Army.

Repository

  • Veterans History Project, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Gender

  • Male

Race

  • White

Status

  • Veteran

Service History

  • World War, 1939-1945

    • Branch of Service: Army
    • Unit of Service: Judge Advocate General's (JAG) Office
    • Location of Service: Ann Arbor, Michigan; Camp Van Dorn, Mississippi; Philippines; Japan; Pacific Theater
    • Highest Rank: Captain
    • Dates of Service: 1942-1950
    • Entrance into Service: Commissioned
    • Military Status: Veteran

Materials

  • Manuscript: Civilian papers (certificates, forms, wills, etc) [1 item] -- Typewritten document (collected 1951 - 1959)
  • Manuscript: Clippings [38 items] -- Typewritten document (collected 1946 - 1959)
  • Manuscript: Correspondence [5 items] -- Handwritten document (collected 1945 - 1946)
  • Manuscript: Military papers (orders, personnel/201 files, etc) [9 items] -- Typewritten document (collected 1942 - 1946)
  • Manuscript: Periodicals [1 item] -- Typewritten document (collected 03/1946)
  • Photograph: Original photographic print [166 items] -- Photograph (collected 1942 - 1946)

Collection Number

  • AFC/2001/001/93130

Cite as

  • Frank Hamilton Morrison, II Collection (AFC/2001/001/93130), Veterans History Project, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

Using VHP Material in Publication or Exhibition

The Veterans History Project (VHP) at the Library of Congress collects, preserves and makes accessible the firsthand recollections of U.S. military veterans who served from World War I through more recent conflicts and peacekeeping missions, so that future generations may hear directly from veterans and better understand what they saw, did and felt during their service. The Veterans History Project Collection includes oral histories along with documentary materials such as original letters, diaries, photographs, and memoirs.

Veterans and interviewers contribute these materials to the Library for scholarly and educational purposes, retaining any copyright they may hold. Therefore, permission must be obtained before using the interview or other materials in exhibition or publication. Researchers or others who would like to make further use of these materials should contact the Veterans History Project for assistance.

As a publicly supported institution, the Library generally does not own rights to material in its collections. Therefore, it does not charge permission fees for use of such material and cannot give or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute material in its collections. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item from the Library’s collections and for securing any necessary permissions rests with persons desiring to use the item.

Please contact us with questions.

Obtaining Copies of VHP Materials

In order for VHP materials to be duplicated, we must receive written permission from the interviewee for you to obtain a copy of the recording unless the proposed use is limited to personal use, research, or other uses permissible by copyright law. If the interviewee is deceased, their next-of-kin may grant written permission.

Please contact VHP for assistance if you need to contact a veteran for permission to use their materials in exhibition or publication, or if you have received permission from the veteran and need access to high-resolution copies of VHP collection materials.

Citing VHP Materials

Please use the following formats when citing Veterans History Project materials (substituting the appropriate name and collection ID number).

Materials as a whole:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/xxxx), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Manuscript material:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/xxxx), Memoirs (MS02), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.
  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/xxxx), Transcript (MS04), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.
  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/xxxx), Correspondence (MS01), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Recording:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/xxxx), Audio recording (SR01), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.
  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/xxxx), Video recording (MV01), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Photograph:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/xxxx), Photographs (PH01), photographer unknown, Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.
  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/xxxx), Photographs (PH03-PH14), Ralph Williams photographer, Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Computer file:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/xxxx), Computer file (CF01), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Artifact:

  • John P. Snodgrass (AFC 2001/001/xxxx), Artifact (AR01), Veterans History Project Collection, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Morrison Ii, Frank Hamilton, and Margaret Morrison. Frank Hamilton Morrison, II Collection. 1942. Personal Narrative. https://www.loc.gov/item/afc2001001.93130/.

APA citation style:

Morrison Ii, F. H. & Morrison, M. (1942) Frank Hamilton Morrison, II Collection. [Personal Narrative] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/afc2001001.93130/.

MLA citation style:

Morrison Ii, Frank Hamilton, and Margaret Morrison. Frank Hamilton Morrison, II Collection. 1942. Personal Narrative. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/afc2001001.93130/>.