About this Item

Money Musk
Contributor Names
Jabbour, Alan (Performer)
Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
Created / Published
Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, October 28, 1967
Subject Headings
-  Instrumental music
-  Fiddle tunes
-  Folk music--Appalachian Region
-  Breakdowns
-  Reels
-  Ethnography
-  Music
-  Field recordings
-  United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
Field recordings
-  Meter: 4/4
-  Compass: 15
-  Key: A
-  Performed by Henry Reed, fiddle.
-  Strains: 4 (high-low-lower-higher, 2-2-2-2)
-  Rendition: 3-1r-2r-2-4r-(spoken)-4r-3-4r-(spoken)-4-(spoken)-4-3-4r-1-3-4r
-  Phrase Structure: AB GH QRQS VW (aba'c ghgi qrqs qrtu vwxy)
-  Spoken: [after first part]/ALAN JABBOUR: Now, could you just play that extra part one more time? [Moves microphone] It's about time we set up again.[middle of performance]/ALAN JABBOUR: And didn't, once when you played it, didn't you go . . . . [Plays fiddle] Or
-  Recording chronology: 169
-  Duration: 2 minutes, 33 seconds
-  Performed by Alan Jabbour, fiddle.
-  Henry Reed recorded "Money Musk" four times; it was a project of sorts for him to get it assembled in all its possible parts. The tune--or at least its first two strains--is a Scottish reel from the end of the eighteenth century. Francis O'Neill (Irish Folk Music, p. 204) mentions a set, entitled "Sir Archibald Grant of Moniemusk's Reel," published ca. 1800, and it is in the Northumbrian small pipes collection Peacocks Tunes (ca. 1801), p. 2. It is a standard feature of nineteenth-century tunebooks; see for example Knauff, Virginia Reels (1839), vol. 1, #1 "Killie Krankie"; Winner's Collection of Music for the Violin, p. 55 "Highland Fling"; One Thousand Fiddle Tunes, p. 31 "Money Musk--Reel" and p. 128 "Money Musk--Strathspey." Twentieth-century sets show the tune to be well-established in Northern American tradition; see for example Linscott, Folk Songs of Old New England, p. 98; Burchenal, American Country-Dances, Volume I, p. 55; Ford, Traditional Music of America, p. 52.Henry Reed's version is a rarity in the Upper South, and it is all the more extraordinary for adding extra strains that turn the piece into a complex and challenging set piece. His first two strains are always the usual strains of "Money Musk," but following Upper South predilections he begins with the highest strain, and his second strain (the usual first strain) is distinctive in rising to the octave rather than descending to the lower tonic. His third and fourth strains (in this performance) are unique to his performance. Note how at one point he accidentally hits the open G and D-strings for the first note of the third strain, instead of using the first finger to play A and E; this may be an echo of his early years, when he tuned the violin EAEA for tunes in the key of A, thus playing those notes with an open string. In his first performance of "Money Musk" (AFS 13035b11), he conflates the tune with another old British and American reel, "The Devil's Dream," well-known in the tunebooks and in Northern American tradition but less usual in the South, and in his second performance (AFS 13037a06) other third strains seem to compete for his imagination. His third performance (AFS 13705b16) contains three parts, and the final performance (here) contains four.A performance of "Money Musk" including four strains, learned from Henry Reed, appeared on the Hollow Rock String Band's first album (Kanawha 311), whence it has had some circulation among musicians in the old-time music revival.
Audio tape
Call Number/Physical Location
AFC 1969/008: AFS 13705B17
Source Collection
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
Online Format

Rights & Access

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Photographs in this collection produced by Carl Fleischhauer, Karen Singer Jabbour, and Kit Olson are reproduced here with their permission. Mr. Fleischhauer does not object to additional use of the photos he created provided he is credited as the photographer. Persons contemplating other kinds of uses or use of the other photographers' work should contact the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.

Credit line

Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Jabbour, Alan, Alan Jabbour, Alan Jabbour, and Henry Reed. Money Musk. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, 1967. Audio. https://www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000238/.

APA citation style:

Jabbour, A., Jabbour, A., Jabbour, A. & Reed, H. (1967) Money Musk. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000238/.

MLA citation style:

Jabbour, Alan, et al. Money Musk. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, 1967. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000238/>.

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