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Notated Music Santa Anna's Retreat [music transcription]

About this Item


  • Santa Anna's Retreat [music transcription]


  • Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)

Created / Published

  • [Between 1966 and 1968]


  • -  Instrumental music
  • -  Fiddle tunes
  • -  Folk music--Appalachian Region
  • -  Marches
  • -  Ethnography
  • -  Sheet Music
  • -  Music score
  • -  United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn


  • Ethnography
  • Sheet Music
  • Music score


  • -  Meter: 4/4
  • -  Rendition: 1r-2r-1r-2r
  • -  Transcribed by Alan Jabbour, from a performance by Henry Reed.
  • -  Key: A
  • -  Compass: 11
  • -  Strains: 2 (high-low, 4-2)
  • -  Phrase Structure: ABAC QR (abcd abef qrst)
  • -  Stylistic features: Slurred bowing, somewhat slower pace.
  • -  Handwritten: Played thru twice. 2nd time transcribed. Tendency toward
  • -  Antonio López de Santa Anna (1794-1876) was both general of the army and president of Mexico when Texas declared its independence from Mexico. He led the expeditionary force in 1836 that fought at the Alamo, and he was subsequently defeated and captured by Sam Houston, interviewed by U.S. President Andrew Jackson, and returned to Mexico. During the Mexican War in 1846-7, he again led the Mexican forces and was defeated by the United States.Henry Reed said--presumably on the authority of his fiddling and fifing mentor Quince Dillion, who was a fifer in the Mexican War--that this march was used by Santa Anna's army to retreat from the American forces during the Mexican War. Since the tune is a venerable British air, it seems more likely that it was played by the American contingent, though there were in fact Irish (or Irish-American) participants in the Mexican army.See the "Manuscript Collection of Dance Tunes [ca. 1775-1800]" (Newberry Library, Chicago), p. 54 "Shay's March"; Riley's Flute Melodies (ca. 1814), p. 47 "Quick March"; O'Neill's Music of Ireland #1812 "Johnny Cope--Irish version"; Roche, Collection of Irish Airs (1909), vol. 3, 74 (#196, Part 4, Section 3) "Nights of Gladness Quadrille," vol. 3, 78 (#202) "Jonny Cope" (in a group of marches). An American hymn setting is Carden, Missouri Harmony (1825), p. 113, "Spring."


  • manuscript; 1 page

Call Number/Physical Location

  • AFC 1967/007: Notebook 3: p. 12a

Source Collection

  • Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1


  • American Folklife Center

Digital Id

Online Format

  • image

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

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Credit line

Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Jabbour, Alan. Santa Anna's Retreat music transcription. [Between 1966 and 1968, 1966] Notated Music.

APA citation style:

Jabbour, A. (1966) Santa Anna's Retreat music transcription. [Between 1966 and 1968] [Notated Music] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Jabbour, Alan. Santa Anna's Retreat music transcription. [Between 1966 and 1968, 1966] Notated Music. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.