Audio Recording Santa Anna's Retreat
Santa Anna's Retreat
About this Item
- Santa Anna's Retreat
- Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
- Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
- Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
Created / Published
- Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, August 27, 1966
- - Instrumental music
- - Fiddle tunes
- - Folk music--Appalachian Region
- - Marches
- - Ethnography
- - Music
- - Field recordings
- - United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
- Field recordings
- - Meter: 4/4
- - Rendition: 1r-2r-1r-2r
- - Key: A
- - Compass: 11
- - Strains: 2 (high-low, 4-2)
- - Phrase Structure: ABAC QR (abcd abef qrst)
- - Stylistic features: Slurred bowing, somewhat slower pace.
- - Antonio López de Santa Anna (1794-1876) was both general of the army and president of Mexico when Texas declared its independence from Mexico. He led the expeditionary force in 1836 that fought at the Alamo, and he was subsequently defeated and captured by Sam Houston, interviewed by U.S. President Andrew Jackson, and returned to Mexico. During the Mexican War in 1846-7, he again led the Mexican forces and was defeated by the United States.Henry Reed said--presumably on the authority of his fiddling and fifing mentor Quince Dillion, who was a fifer in the Mexican War--that this march was used by Santa Anna's army to retreat from the American forces during the Mexican War. Since the tune is a venerable British air, it seems more likely that it was played by the American contingent, though there were in fact Irish (or Irish-American) participants in the Mexican army.See the "Manuscript Collection of Dance Tunes [ca. 1775-1800]" (Newberry Library, Chicago), p. 54 "Shay's March"; Riley's Flute Melodies (ca. 1814), p. 47 "Quick March"; O'Neill's Music of Ireland #1812 "Johnny Cope--Irish version"; Roche, Collection of Irish Airs (1909), vol. 3, 74 (#196, Part 4, Section 3) "Nights of Gladness Quadrille," vol. 3, 78 (#202) "Jonny Cope" (in a group of marches). An American hymn setting is Carden, Missouri Harmony (1825), p. 113, "Spring."
- - Performed by Henry Reed, fiddle.
- - Duration: 1 minute, 7 seconds
- - Title change: The title appeared in the fieldnotes as "Santy Anna's Retreat."
- - Recording chronology: 044
- Audio tape
Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1967/007: AFS 13035A33
- Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1
- American Folklife Center
Rights & Access
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Photographs in this collection produced by Carl Fleischhauer, Karen Singer Jabbour, and Kit Olson are reproduced here with their permission. Mr. Fleischhauer does not object to additional use of the photos he created provided he is credited as the photographer. Persons contemplating other kinds of uses or use of the other photographers' work should contact the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.
Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Jabbour, Alan, Alan Jabbour, and Henry Reed. Santa Anna's Retreat. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, 1966. Audio. https://www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000114/.
APA citation style:
Jabbour, A., Jabbour, A. & Reed, H. (1966) Santa Anna's Retreat. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000114/.
MLA citation style:
Jabbour, Alan, Alan Jabbour, and Henry Reed. Santa Anna's Retreat. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, 1966. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000114/>.