Audio Recording Money Musk
About this Item
- Money Musk
- Contributor Names
- Jabbour, Alan (Transcriber)
- Jabbour, Alan (Collector)
- Reed, Henry, 1884-1968 (Performer)
- Created / Published
- Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, October 28, 1967
- Subject Headings
- - Instrumental music
- - Fiddle tunes
- - Folk music--Appalachian Region
- - Breakdowns
- - Reels
- - Ethnography
- - Music
- - Field recordings
- - United States -- Virginia -- Giles County -- Glen Lyn
- Field recordings
- - Meter: 4/4
- - Key: A
- - Compass: 11
- - Performed by Henry Reed, fiddle.
- - Duration: 1 minute, 31 seconds
- - Strains: 3 (high-middle-low, 2-2-4)
- - Rendition: 1r-2r-3-1r-2r-(pause)-3
- - Phrase Structure: AB QR UV (aba'c qrqs uvuw uvxy)
- - Spoken: [beginning of tune]/HENRY REED: I played that for you, too./ALAN JABBOUR: "Money Musk"?/HENRY REED: Yeah./ALAN JABBOUR: Yeah, though I never got straight about the different parts of it. Once you played it with two parts, and once you played it with three
- - Recording chronology: 168
- - Henry Reed recorded "Money Musk" four times; it was a project of sorts for him to get it assembled in all its possible parts. The tune--or at least its first two strains--is a Scottish reel from the end of the eighteenth century. Francis O'Neill (Irish Folk Music, p. 204) mentions a set, entitled "Sir Archibald Grant of Moniemusk's Reel," published ca. 1800, and it is in the Northumbrian small pipes collection Peacocks Tunes (ca. 1801), p. 2. It is a standard feature of nineteenth-century tunebooks; see for example Knauff, Virginia Reels (1839), vol. 1, #1 "Killie Krankie"; Winner's Collection of Music for the Violin, p. 55 "Highland Fling"; One Thousand Fiddle Tunes, p. 31 "Money Musk--Reel" and p. 128 "Money Musk--Strathspey." Twentieth-century sets show the tune to be well-established in Northern American tradition; see for example Linscott, Folk Songs of Old New England, p. 98; Burchenal, American Country-Dances, Volume I, p. 55; Ford, Traditional Music of America, p. 52.Henry Reed's version is a rarity in the Upper South, and it is all the more extraordinary for adding extra strains that turn the piece into a complex and challenging set piece. His first two strains are always the usual strains of "Money Musk," but following Upper South predilections he begins with the highest strain, and his second strain (the usual first strain) is distinctive in rising to the octave rather than descending to the lower tonic. His third and fourth strains (in AFS 13705b17) are unique to his performance. Note how at one point in that four-part performance he accidentally hits the open G and D-strings for the first note of the third strain, instead of using the first finger to play A and E; this may be an echo of his early years, when he tuned the violin EAEA for tunes in the key of A, thus playing those notes with an open string. In his first performance of "Money Musk" (AFS 13035b11), he conflates the tune with another old British and American reel, "The Devil's Dream," well-known in the tunebooks and in Northern American tradition but less usual in the South, and in his second performance (AFS 13037a06) other third strains seem to compete for his imagination. His third performance (here) contains three parts, and the final performance (AFS 13705b17) contains four.A performance of "Money Musk" including four strains, learned from Henry Reed, appeared on the Hollow Rock String Band's first album (Kanawha 311), whence it has had some circulation among musicians in the old-time music revival.
- Audio tape
- Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1969/008: AFS 13705B16
- Source Collection
- Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
- Online Format
Rights assessment is your responsibility.
The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the material in this collection, except as noted below. Users should keep in mind that the Library of Congress is providing access to these materials strictly for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other holders of rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. See our Legal Notices for additional information and restrictions.
The Center asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here. Researchers are also reminded that privacy and publicity rights may pertain to certain uses of this material.
Photographs in this collection produced by Carl Fleischhauer, Karen Singer Jabbour, and Kit Olson are reproduced here with their permission. Mr. Fleischhauer does not object to additional use of the photos he created provided he is credited as the photographer. Persons contemplating other kinds of uses or use of the other photographers' work should contact the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress.
Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 1 (AFC 1967/007), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Alan Jabbour duplication project, part 2 (AFC 1969/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Fiddle tunes of the old frontier: the Henry Reed collection online presentation (AFC 1999/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. There may be content that is protected as "works for hire" (copyright may be held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations.
Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permission ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Users should consult the bibliographic information that accompanies each item for specific information. This catalog data provides the details known to the Library of Congress regarding the corresponding items and may assist users in making independent assessments of the legal status of these items as related to their desired uses.
Items included here with the permission of the rights holders are indicated as such in the bibliographic record for each item.
In some cases, the Library was unable to identify a possible rights holder and has elected to place some of those items online as an exercise of fair use for strictly non-commercial educational uses. The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and would like to hear from individuals or institutions that have any additional information or know of their history. Please contact: Performing Arts Reading Room.
Suggested credit line: Library of Congress.
More about Copyright and other Restrictions
For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Jabbour, Alan, Alan Jabbour, and Henry Reed. Money Musk. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, 1967. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000237/. (Accessed April 27, 2017.)
APA citation style:
Jabbour, A., Jabbour, A. & Reed, H. (1967) Money Musk. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000237/.
MLA citation style:
Jabbour, Alan, Alan Jabbour, and Henry Reed. Money Musk. Reed family home, Glen Lyn, Giles County, Virginia, 1967. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <https://www.loc.gov/item/afcreed000237/>.