Audio Recording "There were a lot of raids here before, you know, immigration investigations."

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"There were a lot of raids here before, you know, immigration investigations."
Contributor Names
Soria, Ralph (Narrator)
Carroll, Thomas D. (Interviewer)
Created / Published
Subject Headings
-  Emigration and Immigration
-  Puerto Ricans
-  Oral history
-  Interviews
-  Sound recordings
-  21st Avenue (Paterson, N. J.)
-  Soria Real Estate Agency (Paterson, N.J.)
-  Ethnography
-  United States -- New Jersey -- Paterson
-  Interview with Ralph Soria, owner of Soria Real Estate Agency on Oliver Street.
-  Summary of audio segment: TC asks about the Costa Ricans in the restaurant industry here. And employers are petitioning for them to come here. Costa Ricans want to stay in the US? RS says yes. Are they staying in Paterson? RS says no, some are in Paterson, but most live outside of the city. All around Paterson. Why are they working for restaurants, what's the connection? RS says a friend recommends another friend. The first one who comes works his way up, washing dishes, becoming a porter [busboy?], then salad man, then assistant cook, then cook. He tells his friend, and his friends follows him in the same line. But mainly the Costa Ricans don't stay in Paterson because there were a lot of immigration service raids before, and the Costa Ricans moved out of town. The reason why there are a lot of Dominicans and Peruvians in Paterson now is because the raids have stopped. There were a lot of raids here before, they were raiding the factories, restaurants, everything. But that has stopped. Anda lot of Costa Ricans in the restaurant trade are not legal, but they're not threatened by raids now. And it seems that they like the restaurant business. And most of them [employers] pay cash, too, that's another thing. A lot of money's being lost because they're not paying taxes, because of cash payments. TC asks is that true, cash payments to workers, in factories too? RS says yes, a lot. Oh yeah, a lot. Especially in the sweat shops, and there are quite a few in Paterson. Wouldn't say a lot, but quite a few. TC asks if a Costa Rican, e.g. applies for a status adjustment and is sponsored by an employer, and it takes 2 years, can the applicant work in the meantime? RS says they're not supposed to, but they let them be. They let em be. They could be raided, sometimes they pick them up, and if it happens . . . Before they [immigration service] were doing nothing to them [employers], but now theycould get fined. And they tell them to try to obtain a working permit for the employee, but most of the time they don't give none [i.e the permit is not granted?], and that's why people keep going back,or get another job. So there's a fair amount of turnover in places? RS says Oh yes. Oh yes, a lot.
Digital Audio Tape
Call Number/Physical Location
AFC 1995/028: WIP-TDC-A023
Source Collection
Working in Paterson Project Collection (AFC 1995/028)
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
Online Format

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Credit line

Working in Paterson Project collection, 1993-2002 (AFC 1995/028), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Soria, Ralph, and Thomas D Carroll. "There were a lot of raids here before, you know, immigration investigations.". -09-13, 1994. Audio.

APA citation style:

Soria, R. & Carroll, T. D. (1994) "There were a lot of raids here before, you know, immigration investigations.". -09-13. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Soria, Ralph, and Thomas D Carroll. "There were a lot of raids here before, you know, immigration investigations.". -09-13, 1994. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.