Photo, Print, Drawing Fort Randall, Cold Bay, Aleutian Islands, AK

[ Data Pages from Survey HABS AK-46  ]

About this Item

Title
Fort Randall, Cold Bay, Aleutian Islands, AK
Contributor Names
Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
U.S. Department of the Navy
Created / Published
Documentation compiled after 1933
Subject Headings
-  forts & fortifications
-  naval yards & naval stations
-  Alaska -- Aleutian Islands -- Cold Bay
Notes
-  Significance: Cold Bay is located at Lat.55%10'N., Long. 162%35'W. During World War II sited here was an Army airfield, coastal defenses, and a small naval facility. The naval facilities southeast of the Army airbase were collectively called "NAVY TOWN." This facility included a dispersed hospital complex of Quonset huts connected by wood frame corridors. The hospital site plan was one that would become standard in the Aleutians with modifications made to fit the topography. There was also an airstrip at "NAVY TOWN." As the war in the Aleutians moved west in 1942-1943 installations in the Eastern Aleutians such as Cold Bay and Dutch Harbor declined in strategic value. The facilities at Cold Bay were quickly phased-out and by March 1945 a considerable portion of the facilities at Cold Bay were abandoned and in a state of disrepair. These deteriorated facilities were turned over to the Navy in March 1945 to serve as a base for the Hula-Two project. Hula-Two was the final phase in the transfer of American naval vessels to the Soviet Union. Vessels arriving from West Coast ports were transferred here to Russian crews that had received at Cold Bay their shakedown training in anti-submarine warfare, radio, radar, gunnery, and other shipboard activities. Hula-Two was a project that lasted only a few months from 19 March 1945 to 5 September 1945. During this time 149 vessels were transferred and 2,500 Russian crew members trained. The Navy Town hospital, that had been a station hospital, became an important community service for Hula-Two. During the project 440 patients were hospitalized for 2,725 patient days. Of the 440 patients 102 required surgery with appendicitis the most common surgery. The Russians were four times more likely to require appendicitis surgery than American naval personnel. There were three deaths during Hula-Two, one American and two Russians. The American and one Russian died of coronary thrombosis while the second Russian died of intra-cranial hemorrhage. There were no epidemics at Cold Bay. With the termination of the Hula-Two project Cold Bay was reduced in status and soon after the war turned over to a caretaker force. A small station was maintained at the airfield but the rest of the installations were secured and left to wither in the rain, wind, and adverse weather of this region. Much of Navy Town was collapsed or deteriorated by 1984 and in 1985 Navy Town was razed as part of the Department of Defense Environmental Restoration Program.
-  Survey number: HABS AK-46
-  Building/structure dates: ca. 1942 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1985 Demolished
Medium
Data Page(s): 2
Call Number/Physical Location
HABS AK,1-COLBA,1-
Source Collection
Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Control Number
ak0207
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
Language
English
Online Format
pdf
Description
Data Page(s): 2

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress does not own rights to material in its collections. Therefore, it does not license or charge permission fees for use of such material and cannot grant or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute the material.

Ultimately, it is the researcher's obligation to assess copyright or other use restrictions and obtain permission from third parties when necessary before publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the Library's collections.

For information about reproducing, publishing, and citing material from this collection, as well as access to the original items, see: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscape Survey (HABS/HAER/HALS) Collection - Rights and Restrictions Information

  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
  • Reproduction Number: ---
  • Call Number: HABS AK,1-COLBA,1-
  • Access Advisory: ---

Obtaining Copies

If an image is displaying, you can download it yourself. (Some images display only as thumbnails outside the Library of Congress because of rights considerations, but you have access to larger size images on site.)

Alternatively, you can purchase copies of various types through Library of Congress Duplication Services.

  1. If a digital image is displaying: The qualities of the digital image partially depend on whether it was made from the original or an intermediate such as a copy negative or transparency. If the Reproduction Number field above includes a reproduction number that starts with LC-DIG..., then there is a digital image that was made directly from the original and is of sufficient resolution for most publication purposes.
  2. If there is information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can use the reproduction number to purchase a copy from Duplication Services. It will be made from the source listed in the parentheses after the number.

    If only black-and-white ("b&w") sources are listed and you desire a copy showing color or tint (assuming the original has any), you can generally purchase a quality copy of the original in color by citing the Call Number listed above and including the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.

  3. If there is no information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can generally purchase a quality copy through Duplication Services. Cite the Call Number listed above and include the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.

Price lists, contact information, and order forms are available on the Duplication Services Web site.

Access to Originals

Please use the following steps to determine whether you need to fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room to view the original item(s). In some cases, a surrogate (substitute image) is available, often in the form of a digital image, a copy print, or microfilm.

  1. Is the item digitized? (A thumbnail (small) image will be visible on the left.)

    • Yes, the item is digitized. Please use the digital image in preference to requesting the original. All images can be viewed at a large size when you are in any reading room at the Library of Congress. In some cases, only thumbnail (small) images are available when you are outside the Library of Congress because the item is rights restricted or has not been evaluated for rights restrictions.
      As a preservation measure, we generally do not serve an original item when a digital image is available. If you have a compelling reason to see the original, consult with a reference librarian. (Sometimes, the original is simply too fragile to serve. For example, glass and film photographic negatives are particularly subject to damage. They are also easier to see online where they are presented as positive images.)
    • No, the item is not digitized. Please go to #2.
  2. Do the Access Advisory or Call Number fields above indicate that a non-digital surrogate exists, such as microfilm or copy prints?

    • Yes, another surrogate exists. Reference staff can direct you to this surrogate.
    • No, another surrogate does not exist. Please go to #3.
  3. If you do not see a thumbnail image or a reference to another surrogate, please fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room. In many cases, the originals can be served in a few minutes. Other materials require appointments for later the same day or in the future. Reference staff can advise you in both how to fill out a call slip and when the item can be served.

To contact Reference staff in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room, please use our Ask A Librarian service or call the reading room between 8:30 and 5:00 at 202-707-6394, and Press 3.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, and U.S. Department Of The Navy. Fort Randall, Cold Bay, Aleutian Islands, AK. Alaska Aleutian Islands Cold Bay, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/ak0207/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C. & U.S. Department Of The Navy. (1933) Fort Randall, Cold Bay, Aleutian Islands, AK. Alaska Aleutian Islands Cold Bay, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ak0207/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, and U.S. Department Of The Navy. Fort Randall, Cold Bay, Aleutian Islands, AK. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/ak0207/>.

More Photos, Prints, Drawings like this