Photo, Print, Drawing Chief Kashakes' House, Mile 2.5 South Tongass Highway, Saxman, Ketchikan Gateway Borough, AK
About this Item
- Chief Kashakes' House, Mile 2.5 South Tongass Highway, Saxman, Ketchikan Gateway Borough, AK
- Contributor Names
- Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
- Peterson, Steven M, project manager
- Falsetto, Paul, field team
- Cook, Linda, historian
- Creech, James, delineator
- Created / Published
- Documentation compiled after 1933
- Subject Headings
- - houses
- - Alaska Natives
- - domestic life
- - balloon frames
- - totem poles
- - Alaska -- Ketchikan Gateway Borough -- Saxman
- Latitude / Longitude
- - The text on the sheet #1 incorrectly identifies Chief Kashakes' tribal membership. He was of the Eagle (not Raven) Moiety.
- - Significance: In 1878 the Presbyterian Home Mission Society established its first missions in southeast Alaska. At the request of Fort Tongass and Cape Fox Tlingit, Dr. Sheldon Jackson offered to establish a school if the Tlingit congregated in a single village. The relocation project did not materialize until 1895 when Congress made a special appropriation to help establish the new village. Chief Kashakes, head chief of the Cape Fox Tlingit and a member of the Beaver Clan of the Eagle Moiety, participated in the selection of the new village site at Saxman 2.5 miles south of Ketchikan. He announced that he would build his new clan house next door to the school. Chief Kashakes also built four other homes for his family in Saxman. Chief Kashakes Clan House was built in 1895 and exemplifies the transition from traditional single-room plank clan houses to balloon frame construction that occurred as the Tlingits moved into new communities in the late 1800s and pursued wage-paying positions. The name of the carpenter is unknown, though he probably constructed the framing and the tongue and groove siding. By the 1900s balloon frame construction flourished throughout the southeast in Haines, Juneau, Ketchikan, and Saxman. Despite the change in construction technique, the clan house remained communally owned and open to all clan members. The first floor was spacious to accommodate traditional Native activities similar to the design found in plank clan houses. The second floor was later partitioned into sleeping areas. Outside the house stand two totem poles, the marble base of a third, and one Russian cannon. Chief Kashakes died in the 1912 pneumonia epidemic and was succeeded in the traditional Tlingit manner by two of his nephews. Chief Kashakes House is one of the last remaining examples of balloon frame construction in southeast Alaska. It is central to the historic village of Saxman, the original school, and the surrounding Cape Fox and Fort Tongass totem pole collection, and the Beaver Clan tribal house.
- - Survey number: HABS AK-190
- - Building/structure dates: 1895 Initial Construction
- - National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 93000338
- Measured Drawing(s): 9
- Call Number/Physical Location
- HABS AK,010-SAXM,2-
- Source Collection
- Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
- Control Number
- Rights Advisory
- No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
- Online Format
- Measured Drawing(s): 9
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- Call Number: HABS AK,010-SAXM,2-
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Steven M Peterson, Paul Falsetto, Linda Cook, and James Creech. Chief Kashakes' House, Mile 2.5 South Tongass Highway, Saxman, Ketchikan Gateway Borough, AK. Alaska Ketchikan Gateway Borough Saxman, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ak0436/. (Accessed October 19, 2017.)
APA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Peterson, S. M., Falsetto, P., Cook, L. & Creech, J. (1933) Chief Kashakes' House, Mile 2.5 South Tongass Highway, Saxman, Ketchikan Gateway Borough, AK. Alaska Ketchikan Gateway Borough Saxman, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ak0436/.
MLA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al. Chief Kashakes' House, Mile 2.5 South Tongass Highway, Saxman, Ketchikan Gateway Borough, AK. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <https://www.loc.gov/item/ak0436/>.