Photo, Print, Drawing Bethel Baptist Church, 3233 Twenty-ninth Avenue, North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL
About this Item
- Bethel Baptist Church, 3233 Twenty-ninth Avenue, North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL
- Contributor Names
- Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
- Shuttlesworth, Fred Lee
- Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights
- Sears, Milton
- Price, Virginia Barrett, transmitter
- Birmingham Historical Society, contractor
- Slaughter, Carol, field team
- Dennis, Christopher, field team
- Howell, Brenda, field team
- Jones, Bill, field team
- Mitchell, Darrell, field team
- Anderson, Richard K, Jr, delineator
- White, Marjorie L, historian
- Lowe, Jet, photographer
- Created / Published
- Documentation compiled after 1933
- Subject Headings
- - Baptist churches
- - brick buildings
- - religions
- - civil rights
- - African Americans
- - bombs
- - Alabama -- Jefferson County -- Birmingham
- - Significance: Located in a black working class neighborhood, near coal mines and industrial plants, Bethel Baptist Church provided the leadership to sustain the fight for civil rights in Birmingham. From 1953 to 1961, the Rev. Fred Lee Shuttlesworth (b. 1922) pastored Bethel. The church served as headquarters and a frequent meeting place for the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR), which Shuttlesworth founded in 1956. The Birmingham-based association of working class people, pastors and their 60 churches championed Birmingham's and the nation's fight for civil rights. Shuttlesworth and Bethel endured with courage and tenacity threats, beatings and three bombings. The first bomb destroyed the parsonage on Christmas Night, December 25, 1956. When Rev. Shuttlesworth emerged from the debris, unharmed, his leadership of "the Movement" was confirmed irrevocably. The church repaired its sanctuary and built a new parsonage. Shuttlesworth and ACMHR challenged segregation practices through direct action and legal challenges, organizing bus rides, sit in and boycotts and by bringing the Rev. Martin Luther King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) to Birmingham to support the massive joint ACMHR, SCLS demonstrations that turned the tide of public opinion against segregation, inspiring the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The Bethel Baptist Church structure was built in 1926, during the pastorate of the Rev. Milton Sears, on land the congregation purchased in 1909. The architect, suppliers and builders remain undetermined. Originally, this red brick edifice was finished with elaborate stained glass windows, stone lintels and sills for windows, extensive interior trim, walnut pews, a baptismal pool and a steam plant for heating. A cornerstone lists church officers at the time of construction.
- - Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N784
- - Survey number: HABS AL-977
- - Building/structure dates: 1926 Initial Construction
- - National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 05000455
- Photo(s): 13
- Color Transparencies: 1
- Measured Drawing(s): 3
- Photo Caption Page(s): 2
- Call Number/Physical Location
- HABS ALA,37-BIRM,26-
- Source Collection
- Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
- Control Number
- Rights Advisory
- No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
- Online Format
- Photo(s): 13 | Color Transparencies: 1 | Measured Drawing(s): 3 | Photo Caption Page(s): 2
- Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights
- Anderson, Richard K, Jr
- Birmingham Historical Society
- Dennis, Christopher
- Historic American Buildings Survey
- Howell, Brenda
- Jones, Bill
- Lowe, Jet
- Mitchell, Darrell
- Price, Virginia Barrett
- Sears, Milton
- Shuttlesworth, Fred Lee
- Slaughter, Carol
- White, Marjorie L
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- Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
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- Call Number: HABS ALA,37-BIRM,26-
- Access Advisory: ---
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Fred Lee Shuttlesworth, Alabama Christian Movement For Human Rights, Milton Sears, Contractor Birmingham Historical Society, Carol Slaughter, Christopher Dennis, et al., Lowe, Jet, photographer. Bethel Baptist Church,Twenty-ninth Avenue, North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL. Alabama Birmingham Jefferson County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/al1126/.
APA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Shuttlesworth, F. L., Alabama Christian Movement For Human Rights, Sears, M., Birmingham Historical Society, C., Slaughter, C. [...] White, M. L., Lowe, J., photographer. (1933) Bethel Baptist Church,Twenty-ninth Avenue, North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL. Alabama Birmingham Jefferson County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/al1126/.
MLA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al., photographer by Lowe, Jet. Bethel Baptist Church,Twenty-ninth Avenue, North, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/al1126/>.