Photo, Print, Drawing South Elyton Baptist Church, 102 First Street, South, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL
About this Item
- South Elyton Baptist Church, 102 First Street, South, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL
- Contributor Names
- Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
- Rayfield, Wallace A
- Price, Virginia Barrett, transmitter
- Birmingham Historical Society, contractor
- Dennis, Christopher, field team
- Howell, Brenda, field team
- Jones, Bill, field team
- Slaughter, Carol, field team
- Hamilton, Amy, field team
- Anderson, Richard K, Jr, delineator
- White, Marjorie L, historian
- Lowe, Jet, photographer
- Created / Published
- Documentation compiled after 1933
- Subject Headings
- - Baptist churches
- - brick buildings
- - religions
- - civil rights
- - African Americans
- - Alabama -- Jefferson County -- Birmingham
- Latitude / Longitude
- - Significance: Established in 1914, the South Elyton Baptist Church located in Titusvulle, a growing and densely populated residential community south of Elyton, the county seat of Jefferson County from 1819 until the founding of Birmingham in the 1870s. Titusville extends from tracks to tracks, from Southside to Mason City and Elyton to Green Springs and the red ore mines along Red Mountain. South Elyton Baptist Church chose a site along First Street, a major thoroughfare, on Lots 1 & 2 in Block 1 of the Session Land Company's subdivision of the Walker Land Co.'s Addition to Birmingham. Construction for the historic sanctuary began in the late 1920s when church member Mr. Walton, his mule and scaper began excavation of the basement. Prominent African-American architect Wallace A. Rayfield provided the plans. His residence, a social hub of the community, faced the site across First Street. Rayfield's plans guided these do-it-yourself church members, children of the founders who built the church from 1940 to 1947. Home-cooked dinners and several mortgages financed this construction. The church incorporated in April 1958. During the 1960s, it hosted meetings of the Birmingham-based civil rights organization, the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights. Since completion of the wonderfully compatible "walk-in" addition in 1989, the historic sanctuary continues serving as an educational facility for the church and a community center hosting meetings for the neighborhood, scouts, and civic and voter leagues. Church leaders, described by their descendants who remain church members, were "general doers" who worked "big jobs" and sometimes two jobs daily. These jobs were with "TC and I, the railroads and the mines." Alpha Portland Cement in nearby Powderly was another employer. Many bricklayers and carpenters also belonged to the congregation. Women leaders taught school.
- - Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N785
- - Survey number: HABS AL-983
- - Building/structure dates: 1940-1947 Initial Construction
- - Building/structure dates: 1989 Subsequent Work
- Photo(s): 9
- Measured Drawing(s): 1
- Photo Caption Page(s): 1
- Call Number/Physical Location
- HABS ALA,37-BIRM,34-
- Source Collection
- Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)
- Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
- Control Number
- Rights Advisory
- No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
- Online Format
- Photo(s): 9 | Measured Drawing(s): 1 | Photo Caption Page(s): 1
- Anderson, Richard K, Jr
- Birmingham Historical Society
- Dennis, Christopher
- Hamilton, Amy
- Historic American Buildings Survey
- Howell, Brenda
- Jones, Bill
- Lowe, Jet
- Price, Virginia Barrett
- Rayfield, Wallace a
- Slaughter, Carol
- White, Marjorie L
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- Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
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- Call Number: HABS ALA,37-BIRM,34-
- Access Advisory: ---
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Wallace A Rayfield, Contractor Birmingham Historical Society, Christopher Dennis, Brenda Howell, Bill Jones, Carol Slaughter, Amy Hamilton, Richard K Anderson, and Marjorie L White, Lowe, Jet, photographer. South Elyton Baptist Church, 102 First Street, South, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL. Alabama Birmingham Jefferson County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/al1214/.
APA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Rayfield, W. A., Birmingham Historical Society, C., Dennis, C., Howell, B., Jones, B. [...] White, M. L., Lowe, J., photographer. (1933) South Elyton Baptist Church, 102 First Street, South, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL. Alabama Birmingham Jefferson County, 1933. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/al1214/.
MLA citation style:
Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al., photographer by Lowe, Jet. South Elyton Baptist Church, 102 First Street, South, Birmingham, Jefferson County, AL. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/al1214/>.