Photo, Print, Drawing Big Creek Hydroelectric System, Powerhouse 2 and 2A, South Bank of Big Creek, approximately 3.5 miles west of Big Creek, Big Creek, Fresno County, CA

[ Data Pages from Survey HAER CA-167-F  ]

More Resources

[ Photo Captions from Survey HAER CA-167-F  ]

About this Item

Title
Big Creek Hydroelectric System, Powerhouse 2 and 2A, South Bank of Big Creek, approximately 3.5 miles west of Big Creek, Big Creek, Fresno County, CA
Contributor Names
Historic American Engineering Record, creator
Stone and Webster Engineering Corporation
Southern California Edison
Northern Hydro Division, Southern California Edison
Eastwood, John S
Pacific Light and Power Corporation
Stone and Webster Construction Company
Mannesman Rohrenwerke
Paraffine Paint Company
Faris-Osborne Company
Continental Building Specialities
M.W. Kellogg Company
Allis-Chalmers
I.P. Morris Company
Pelton Waterwheel Company
Westinghouse Company
Bethlehem Steel
Union Iron Works
Llewellyn Iron Works
Judson Manufacturing Company
Baker Iron Works
Pacific Rolling Mills
Brode Iron Works
Phoenix Iron Works
Des Moines Bridge and Iron
Cleveland Electric Company
Ferrum Company
Midvale Iron and Steel
General Electric
Ferris-Osborne Company
Continental Building Specialties Company
L.W. Blinn Lumber Company
Western Manning, Maxwell and Moore Incorporated
Huntington , Henry
Balch, Allan C
Kerckhoff, William G
San Joaquin Electric Light and Power
Christianson, Justine, transmitter
Shoup, Laurence, researcher
Baker, Suzanne, researcher
Goodman, Geoff, researcher
Southern California Edison, sponsor
Dukleth, Don, sponsor
Taylor, Thomas T, sponsor
Created / Published
Documentation compiled after 1968
Subject Headings
-  powerhouses
-  power producing machinery
-  power industry
-  water power
-  California -- Fresno County -- Big Creek
Notes
-  Significance: Constructed in 1913, Powerhouse 2 was part of the initial phase of the pioneering Big Creek development of the Pacific Light and Power Corporation. At the time of its construction Powerhouse 2, along with its twin, Powerhouse 1, was one of the highest-head hydroelectric developments in the West. The waterwheels and generators were among the largest of their type ever constructed, and the system was the first in the world to transmit electricity commercially at 150 kilovolts (kV). Powerhouse 2A was completed in 1928 and is joined to Powerhouse 2. The two generating units of Powerhouse 2A were the largest of their type in the world at the time of their construction, and the plant utilizes one of the highest heads in the western United States. The Big Creek system was the premiere example of the transition from the construction of isolated power plants serving local markets to the construction of large systems integrated with distant energy markets via high-voltage transmission. Powerhouse 2, as one of the first two plants in the system, is especially symbolic in this regard. The Big Creek system is also significant in the history of the Los Angeles region. Conceived as a means of powering both residential development and electric railways, power from Southern California Edison's Big Creek plants was instrumental in the rise of suburban development in the region. The system is closely associated with railroad, energy, and development magnate Henry Huntington; with Edison executives and power pioneers A.C. Balch, William Kerckhoff, and George C. Ward; visionary California hydroelectric engineer John Eastwood; and longtime Big Creek manager David Redinger.
-  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N1176
-  Survey number: HAER CA-167-F
-  Building/structure dates: 1910-1913 Initial Construction
-  Building/structure dates: 1921 Subsequent Work
-  Building/structure dates: 1925 Subsequent Work
-  Building/structure dates: 1928 Subsequent Work
Medium
Photo(s): 53
Data Page(s): 50
Photo Caption Page(s): 13
Call Number/Physical Location
HAER CA-167-F
Source Collection
Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)
Repository
Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print
Control Number
ca3674
Rights Advisory
No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
Language
English
Online Format
image
pdf
Description
Photo(s): 53 | Data Page(s): 50 | Photo Caption Page(s): 13

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, Creator, Stone And Webster Engineering Corporation, Southern California Edison, Southern California Edison Northern Hydro Division, John S Eastwood, Pacific Light And Power Corporation, Stone And Webster Construction Company, et al. Big Creek Hydroelectric System, Powerhouse 2 and 2A, South Bank of Big Creek, approximately 3.5 miles west of Big Creek, Big Creek, Fresno County, CA. Big Creek California Fresno County, 1968. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/ca3674/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, C., Stone And Webster Engineering Corporation, Southern California Edison, Northern Hydro Division, S. C. E., Eastwood, J. S., Pacific Light And Power Corporation [...] Taylor, T. T. (1968) Big Creek Hydroelectric System, Powerhouse 2 and 2A, South Bank of Big Creek, approximately 3.5 miles west of Big Creek, Big Creek, Fresno County, CA. Big Creek California Fresno County, 1968. Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ca3674/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, Creator, et al. Big Creek Hydroelectric System, Powerhouse 2 and 2A, South Bank of Big Creek, approximately 3.5 miles west of Big Creek, Big Creek, Fresno County, CA. Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/ca3674/>.