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Photo, Print, Drawing Dolphin Club Rowboat, Sliding Seat Double, Lawton C. Hughes, Dolphin Club, 502 Jefferson Street, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

[ Drawings from Survey HAER CA-2376  ]

More Resources

[ Data Pages from Survey HAER CA-2376  ]

About this Item

Title

  • Dolphin Club Rowboat, Sliding Seat Double, Lawton C. Hughes, Dolphin Club, 502 Jefferson Street, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA

Names

  • Historic American Engineering Record, creator
  • Irving, Orville E.
  • The Dolphin Swimming & Boating Club
  • McPartland, Mary, transmitter
  • Stranieri, Marcella, transmitter
  • Hechanova, Julia, delineator
  • Cooper, Richard B., historian
  • Croteau, Todd A., program coordinator

Created / Published

  • Documentation compiled after 1968

Headings

  • -  Recreational vehicles
  • -  recreation
  • -  maritime
  • -  rowboats
  • -  oak
  • -  California--San Francisco County--San Francisco

Latitude / Longitude

  • 37.807671,-122.421293

Notes

  • -  Significance: The Lawton C. Hughes is a sliding seat, lapstrake, double rowboat. It was designed for recreational rowing on San Francisco Bay, piloting swimmers in open water, and occasional racing in competitions. Its unique hull form can take passengers or cox, yet it is still capable of the impressive ergonomic benefit of sliding seats. Although 1938 is carved in the boat’s name board, its genesis began several years earlier. On July 8, 1936, the Dolphin Club contracted with O. E. Irving to build two boats. Subsequent research identified this person to be Orville Eden Irving, a carpenter and cabinet maker in San Francisco. More significantly, Irving was the son-in-law of William “Bill’ Richards, a skilled boat builder for the Dolphin Club and other rowing. It is believed that Richards had a significant role in the construction of the Lawton C. Hughes and a nearly identical boat, the James J. Cronin, both dated 1938. Both craft have required regular maintenance and repairs to keep them operational for over eighty years. In 1986, Dolphin Club boatbuilder Jon Bielinski created a compressed lofting and construction molds during restoration of the Cronin. More refined construction details of the Hughes were recorded during a 1987 restoration. In 2021 boat builder Julia Hechanova generated offsets, scale drawings, and construction details from measurements taken off the restored vessel in addition to Bielinski’s lofting. The Hughes is 18′ 4-1/8″ long between perpendiculars, 4′-7″ beam width, and currently weighs 380 lbs. White Oak is used for the keel, hog, frame, inwale, rub rails, riser, rudder, and name board. Planking and burden boards are Western White Pine and Spanish Cedar. Replacement frames are Black Locust. Other key parts are made from Douglas Fir, Black Locust, and Apple Wood. Nine-foot D section wood oars propel the boat. The scantlings of the sliding seats minimize the weight of the silicon bronze wheels, with sufficient buoyancy from the wood to allow the seats to float. The coxswain maintains the course using a yoke and steering lines. Summary of Materials: Pine and Cedar planking, White Oak plus various woods including Black Locust and Douglas Fir. Silicon Bronze bolts and screws, Copper rivets, and Brass fittings. Le Tonkinois varnish.
  • -  Survey number: HAER CA-2376
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1938 Initial Construction
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1986-1987 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 2021 Subsequent Work

Medium

  • Measured Drawing(s): 1
  • Data Page(s): 6

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HAER CA-2376

Source Collection

  • Historic American Engineering Record (Library of Congress)

Repository

  • Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

Control Number

  • ca4435

Rights Advisory

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, Creator, Orville E Irving, The Dolphin Swimming & Boating Club, Julia Hechanova, Richard B Cooper, and Todd A Croteau. Dolphin Club Rowboat, Sliding Seat Double, Lawton C. Hughes, Dolphin Club, 502 Jefferson Street, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA. San Francisco California San Francisco County, 1968. translateds by Mcpartland, Marymitter, and Stranieri, Marcellamitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/ca4435/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, C., Irving, O. E., The Dolphin Swimming & Boating Club, Hechanova, J., Cooper, R. B. & Croteau, T. A. (1968) Dolphin Club Rowboat, Sliding Seat Double, Lawton C. Hughes, Dolphin Club, 502 Jefferson Street, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA. San Francisco California San Francisco County, 1968. McPartland, M. & Stranieri, M., transs Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ca4435/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Engineering Record, Creator, et al. Dolphin Club Rowboat, Sliding Seat Double, Lawton C. Hughes, Dolphin Club, 502 Jefferson Street, San Francisco, San Francisco County, CA. trans by Mcpartland, Marymitter, and Stranieri, Marcellamitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/ca4435/>.