Photos, Prints, Drawings Rev. Johnnie and Leona Bailey of Pigeon Creek, Mingo County, at the picnic after the memorial ceremony holding a strawberry cake.
About this Item
- Rev. Johnnie and Leona Bailey of Pigeon Creek, Mingo County, at the picnic after the memorial ceremony holding a strawberry cake.
- Contributor Names
- Bailey, Johnnie, Rev. (Depicted)
- Bailey, Leona (Depicted)
- Hufford, Mary, 1952- (Photographer)
- Created / Published
- Subject Headings
- - Buffalo Creek (W. Va.)
- - Cultural landmarks
- - Community space
- - Foodways
- - Mining disasters
- - August
- - Summer
- - Floods
- - Buffalo Creek Memorial (W. Va.)
- - Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA))
- - Photographs
- - Ethnography
- - West Virginia -- Logan County -- Man
- - Event: Ceremony at Buffalo Creek Memorial on the Occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the Buffalo Creek Disaster and the 20th Anniversary of the Surface Mining and Reclamation Act (SMCRA).
- - "In August of 1997, the Citizens' Coal Council and the West Virginia Organizing Project sponsored a commemorative wreath-laying ceremony at the Buffalo Creek Memorial. This memorial stands at the mouth of Buffalo Creek, where, on February 26, 1972, a makeshift impoundment built by the Pittston Coal Company collapsed, unleashing millions of torrential gallons that some called a "wall of water." Roaring through the hollow in minutes, the water killed 126 people.
- - The Pittston Coal Company declared it an act of God, but five years later President Jimmy Carter signed the Surface Mining and Reclamation Act (SMCRA), establishing federal standards for such impoundments and for the reclamation of strip-mined land. The wreath-laying ceremony was held in observation of the 20th anniversary of the passage of SMCRA and the 25th anniversary of the Buffalo Creek disaster.
- - The emergence of mountaintop removal as the preferred method of stripmining in the 1990s has focused national attention on a controversial loophole in SMCRA, which requires companies to restore mountains to approximate original contour (AOC), except in cases where flattened mountains are deemed necessary for economic development."
- 35 mm Color Slide
- Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1999/008: CRF-MH-C058-11
- Source Collection
- Coal River Folklife Collection (AFC 1999/008)
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
- Online Format
FormatPhotos, Prints, Drawings
ContributorsBailey, Johnnie, Rev
Buffalo Creek (w. Va.)
Buffalo Creek Memorial (w. Va.)
Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (smcra))
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Coal River Folklife Project collection (AFC 1999/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
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Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Bailey, Johnnie, Rev, Leona Bailey, and Mary Hufford. Rev. Johnnie and Leona Bailey of Pigeon Creek, Mingo County, at the picnic after the memorial ceremony holding a strawberry cake. /08, 1997. Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/cmns000851/. (Accessed September 30, 2016.)
APA citation style:
Bailey, J., Bailey, L. & Hufford, M. (1997) Rev. Johnnie and Leona Bailey of Pigeon Creek, Mingo County, at the picnic after the memorial ceremony holding a strawberry cake. /08. [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/cmns000851/.
MLA citation style:
Bailey, Johnnie, Rev, Leona Bailey, and Mary Hufford. Rev. Johnnie and Leona Bailey of Pigeon Creek, Mingo County, at the picnic after the memorial ceremony holding a strawberry cake. /08, 1997. Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <https://www.loc.gov/item/cmns000851/>.