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Photo, Print, Drawing Memorial marker at a church in Buffalo Creek, listing the victims and the missing persons of the Buffalo Creek disaster

About this Item

Title

  • Memorial marker at a church in Buffalo Creek, listing the victims and the missing persons of the Buffalo Creek disaster

Names

  • Hufford, Mary, 1952- (Photographer)

Created / Published

  • 1997/08

Headings

  • -  Buffalo Creek (W. Va.)
  • -  Cultural landmarks
  • -  Community space
  • -  Mining disasters
  • -  August
  • -  Summer
  • -  Floods
  • -  Buffalo Creek Memorial (W. Va.)
  • -  Wall of water
  • -  Photographs
  • -  Ethnography
  • -  West Virginia -- Logan County -- Man

Genre

  • Photographs
  • Ethnography

Notes

  • -  Event: Ceremony at Buffalo Creek Memorial on the Occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the Buffalo Creek Disaster and the 20th Anniversary of the Surface Mining and Reclamation Act (SMCRA).
  • -  The Pittston Coal Company declared it an act of God, but five years later President Jimmy Carter signed the Surface Mining and Reclamation Act (SMCRA), establishing federal standards for such impoundments and for the reclamation of strip-mined land. The wreath-laying ceremony was held in observation of the 20th anniversary of the passage of SMCRA and the 25th anniversary of the Buffalo Creek disaster.
  • -  The emergence of mountaintop removal as the preferred method of stripmining in the 1990s has focused national attention on a controversial loophole in SMCRA, which requires companies to restore mountains to approximate original contour (AOC), except in cases where flattened mountains are deemed necessary for economic development."
  • -  "In August of 1997, the Citizens' Coal Council and the West Virginia Organizing Project sponsored a commemorative wreath-laying ceremony at the Buffalo Creek Memorial. This memorial stands at the mouth of Buffalo Creek, where, on February 26, 1972, a makeshift impoundment built by the Pittston Coal Company collapsed, unleashing millions of gallons of torrential black goo, which some called a "wall of water." Roaring through the hollow in minutes, the water killed 126 people.

Medium

  • 35 mm Color Slide

Call Number/Physical Location

  • AFC 1999/008: CRF-MH-C058-20

Source Collection

  • Coal River Folklife Collection (AFC 1999/008)

Repository

  • American Folklife Center

Digital Id

Online Format

  • image

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the material in this collection, except as noted below. Users should keep in mind that the Library of Congress is providing access to these materials strictly for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other holders of rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. See our Legal Notices and Privacy and Publicity Rights for additional information and restrictions.

The American Folklife Center and the professional fieldworkers who carry out these projects feel a strong ethical responsibility to the people they have visited and who have consented to have their lives documented for the historical record. The Center asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here. Researchers are also reminded that privacy and publicity rights may pertain to certain uses of this material.

Copy photographs of numerous historical still photographs owned by Woody Boggs and Rick Bradford were made and are reproduced here with permission of the owners.

Researchers or others who would like to make further use of these collection materials should contact the Folklife Reading Room for assistance.

Credit line

Coal River Folklife Project collection (AFC 1999/008), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Hufford, Mary. Memorial marker at a church in Buffalo Creek, listing the victims and the missing persons of the Buffalo Creek disaster. Logan County West Virginia Man, 1997. /08. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/cmns001298/.

APA citation style:

Hufford, M. (1997) Memorial marker at a church in Buffalo Creek, listing the victims and the missing persons of the Buffalo Creek disaster. Logan County West Virginia Man, 1997. /08. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/cmns001298/.

MLA citation style:

Hufford, Mary. Memorial marker at a church in Buffalo Creek, listing the victims and the missing persons of the Buffalo Creek disaster. /08. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/cmns001298/>.