Top of page

Manuscript/Mixed Material Martians! draft script for Cosmos episode 5

About this Item


  • Martians! draft script for Cosmos episode 5


  • Sagan, Carl (Author)

Created / Published

  • 1979


  • -  Astronomy
  • -  Sagan, Carl
  • -  Mars (Planet)
  • -  Science fiction
  • -  Outer space--Exploration
  • -  Viking Mars Program (U.S.)
  • -  Cosmos (Television program)
  • -  Astronomy--Popular works
  • -  Wells, H.G
  • -  Burroughs, Edgar Rice
  • -  Goddard, Robert Hutchings
  • -  Lowell, Percival
  • -  Rocketry
  • -  Manuscripts


  • Manuscripts


  • -  Handwritten and typewritten voice-over scripts for the initial sequence of episode 5 of Cosmos, "Blues for a Red Planet." These focus on Mars as a "mythic arena" where imaginative science and science fiction have each shaped our understanding of the planet. Sagan discusses H.G. Wells and Edgar Rice Burroughs fictional writings about Martian life and civilization, Percival Lowell's work on Martian canals, the Viking Mars exploration program, and Robert Goddard's work on rocketry.


  • Dimensions in inches: 11 x 8 1/2

Source Collection

  • The Seth MacFarlane Collection of the Carl Sagan and Ann Druyan Archive


  • Manuscript Division

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress has digitized various items from numerous Library of Congress collections to create the online collection Finding our Place in the Cosmos: From Galileo to Sagan and Beyond. As a result, the individual collection items may have varying rights and access restrictions. Whenever possible, the Library of Congress provides factual information about copyright owners and related matters in the catalog records, finding aids and other texts that accompany collections. For further information with respect to a specific collection item, see the associated rights & access statement on the individualized web page displaying that specific collection item.

As a publicly supported institution, the Library generally does not own rights in its collections. Therefore, it does not charge permission fees for use of such material and generally does not grant or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute material in its collections. Permission and possible fees may be required from the copyright owner independently of the Library. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the Library's collections. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Researchers must make their own assessments of rights in light of their intended use.

If you have any more information about an item you've seen on our website or if you are the copyright owner and believe our website has not properly attributed your work to you or has used it without permission, we want to hear from you. Please contact with your contact information and a link to the relevant content.

View more information about copyright law from the U.S. Copyright Office

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Sagan, Carl. Martians! draft script for Cosmos episode 5. 1979. Manuscript/Mixed Material.

APA citation style:

Sagan, C. (1979) Martians! draft script for Cosmos episode 5. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Sagan, Carl. Martians! draft script for Cosmos episode 5. 1979. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.