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Manuscript/Mixed Material For future time and beings : draft essay

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About this Item


  • For future time and beings : draft essay


  • Sagan, Carl (Author)


  • -  Sagan, Carl
  • -  Communication in science
  • -  Extraterrestrial life
  • -  Life on other planets
  • -  Outer space--Exploration
  • -  NASA
  • -  National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • -  Voyager Golden Record
  • -  Time capsules
  • -  Murmurs of Earth : the Voyager interstellar record
  • -  Voyager Project (U.S.)
  • -  Lomax, Alan
  • -  Manuscripts


  • Manuscripts


  • -  A draft of the essay Carl Sagan contributed to the book Murmurs of Earth : the Voyager interstellar record published in 1978. In the essay, Sagan describes the goals of the Voyager Golden Records. Voyager Golden Records are phonograph records which were included aboard both Voyager spacecraft, which were launched in 1977. They contain sounds and images selected to portray the diversity of life and culture on Earth, and are intended for any intelligent extraterrestrial life form, or for future humans, who may find them. The draft situates the Voyager record in relation time capsule projects and recounts the decisions that went into what should be put on the record. The draft specifically mentions the contributions of Allen Lomax to this effort. In cases where Sagan wrote notes on the back of printed pages those pages were digitized.


  • Dimensions in inches: 11 x 8 1/2

Source Collection

  • The Seth MacFarlane Collection of the Carl Sagan and Ann Druyan Archive


  • Manuscript Division

Online Format

  • online text
  • pdf
  • image

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Sagan, Carl. For Future Time and Beings: Draft Essay. 1978. Manuscript/Mixed Material.

APA citation style:

Sagan, C. (1978) For Future Time and Beings: Draft Essay. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Sagan, Carl. For Future Time and Beings: Draft Essay. 1978. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.