Manuscripts/Mixed Material Letter to Alan Lomax Regarding the Voyager Golden Record
About this Item
- Letter to Alan Lomax Regarding the Voyager Golden Record
- Contributor Names
- Lomax, Alan (Correspondent)
- Sagan, Carl (Author)
- Created / Published
- June 6, 1977
- Subject Headings
- - Sagan, Carl
- - Communication in science
- - Extraterrestrial life
- - Life on other planets
- - Outer space--Exploration
- - NASA
- - National Aeronautics and Space Administration
- - Voyager Golden Record
- - Voyager Project (U.S.)
- - Lomax, Alan
- - Ethnomusicology
- - Correspondence
- - Carl Sagan thanks Alan Lomax for agreeing to contribute his expertise in ethnomusicology to the help make final musical selections for the Voyager Golden Record. Voyager Golden Records are phonograph records which were included aboard both Voyager spacecraft, which were launched in 1977. They contain sounds and images selected to portray the diversity of life and culture on Earth, and are intended for any intelligent extraterrestrial life form, or for future humans, who may find them. In this letter, Sagan describes the Voyager mission and explains that the record has "a probable lifetime of a billion years" noting that "it is unlikely that many other artifacts of humanity will survive for so prodigious a period of time."
- Dimensions in inches: 11 x 8 1/2
- Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 2004/004: Folder 13.04.15 (6/6)(1/2) Voyager (NASA) correspondence, notes, research documents 1977-1992; Carl Sagan; Warner New Media, Blake Lewis
- Source Collection
- Alan Lomax Collection (AFC 2004/004)
- American Folklife Center
- Online Format
- online text
Communication in Science
Life on Other Planets
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Voyager Golden Record
Voyager Project (U.S.)
Articles and Essays with this item:
Rights assessment is your responsibility.
The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the material in this collection, except as noted below. Users should keep in mind that the Library of Congress is providing access to these materials strictly for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other holders of rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. See our Legal Notices and Privacy and Publicity Rights for additional information and restrictions.
The American Folklife Center and the professional fieldworkers who carry out these projects feel a strong ethical responsibility to the people they have visited and who have consented to have their lives documented for the historical record. The Center asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here. Researchers are also reminded that privacy and publicity rights may pertain to certain uses of this material.
Researchers or others who would like to make further use of these collection materials should contact the Folklife Reading Room for assistance.
Indexes for many of these materials are available upon request. Many materials are also available online through the Association for Cultural Equity Online Archive External and the Alan Lomax YouTube channel External.
For questions about permissions and licensing contact the Association for Cultural Equity External.
Alan Lomax collection (AFC 2004/004), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
The Library of Congress has digitized various items from numerous Library of Congress collections to create the online collection Finding our Place in the Cosmos: From Galileo to Sagan and Beyond. As a result, the individual collection items may have varying rights and access restrictions. Whenever possible, the Library of Congress provides factual information about copyright owners and related matters in the catalog records, finding aids and other texts that accompany collections. For further information with respect to a specific collection item, see the associated rights & access statement on the individualized web page displaying that specific collection item.
As a publicly supported institution, the Library generally does not own rights in its collections. Therefore, it does not charge permission fees for use of such material and generally does not grant or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute material in its collections. Permission and possible fees may be required from the copyright owner independently of the Library. It is the researcher's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the Library's collections. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Researchers must make their own assessments of rights in light of their intended use.
If you have any more information about an item you've seen on our website or if you are the copyright owner and believe our website has not properly attributed your work to you or has used it without permission, we want to hear from you. Please contact [email protected] with your contact information and a link to the relevant content.
More about Copyright and other Restrictions
For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Lomax, Alan, and Carl Sagan. Letter to Alan Lomax Regarding the Voyager Golden Record. June 6, 1977. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/cosmos000113/. (Accessed December 05, 2016.)
APA citation style:
Lomax, A. & Sagan, C. (1977) Letter to Alan Lomax Regarding the Voyager Golden Record. June 6. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/cosmos000113/.
MLA citation style:
Lomax, Alan, and Carl Sagan. Letter to Alan Lomax Regarding the Voyager Golden Record. June 6, 1977. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <https://www.loc.gov/item/cosmos000113/>.