Top of page

3D Object DCM 1359: Carlo Palanca; Castel / Treble (Alto) Recorder in F

[ back view of recorder ]

More Resources

[ front view of recorder ]

About this Item


  • DCM 1359: Carlo Palanca; Castel / Treble (Alto) Recorder in F


  • Carlo Palanca; Castel

Created / Published

  • Torino; Italy, 1719-1783; ?second quarter 18c-late 18c.


  • Physical Objects


  • -  There are aspects of this instrument which are not typical. First, from the markings it would seem to be a combination of two instruments. The actual make-up and craftsmen in the two shops is not well known. Although the wood appears to be boxwood uniformly stained brown, the head joint seems to be from a different wood supply than that of the body and foot joints. The head and foot joint socket and ferrule construction is most unusual. It is a well-executed, but poor design and likely an alteration. The original appears to have included the normal practice of turning (cutting away) material (boxwood) back to a shoulder to receive a fairly long ornate ferrule (ivory) glued in place. However, both have been turned a second time removing (in length) nearly a third of the ivory ferrule and replacing it with a fragile wooden ferrule (see Condition) as a spacer which is then covered with a well-made, turned silver ferrule. The silver ferrules are pronged on the interior for better retention similar to more modern woodwind instrument ferrules. The addition of the silver ferrules is not without good logic, but cutting away seemingly stable material (ivory) to apply them is a mystery. Neither socket is cracked and the apparent ferrule revisions seem not to have concerned any necessary repairs. The foot joint socket does have a knot which appears not to have needed an altered ferrule design. Perhaps the most unusual aspect is the foot joint exterior design. In place of the typical flared, false bell bottom, the foot tapers down similar to the traverso foot joint design(s) of the period, and the bottom ivory ferrule appears to be original, or period, or at least very skillfully applied if later.
  • -  Instrument type: Treble (Alto) Recorder in F
  • -  Medium: Boxwood, stained brown, ivory beak, ferrules, thumbhole bushing, and turned silver ferrules.; 50.3 cm.
  • -  Key Holes System: 1/7 holes.
  • -  Mark Maximum: CARLO / PALANCA
  • -  Mark Additional: Mark on joints 2 and 3. Mark on top: N. (reversed) / CASTEL. / (lion rampant) / N. (reversed). Block: o/y (in ink)
  • -  Condition: Head joint socket wooden spacer ferrule (see Notes) broken and missing about 90 degrees.
  • -  Provenance: W. Howard Head, London, 30 July 1938.


  • nonprojected graphic
  • photonegative


  • 1 sound disc : analog ; 12 in.


  • DLC Music Division, Library of Congress

Access Condition

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. There may be content that is protected as "works for hire" (copyright may be held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations.

Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permission ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Users should consult the bibliographic information that accompanies each item for specific information. This catalog data provides the details known to the Library of Congress regarding the corresponding items and may assist users in making independent assessments of the legal status of these items as related to their desired uses.

Items included here with the permission of the rights holders are indicated as such in the bibliographic record for each item.

The Strad magazine has generously allowed us to reproduce two articles in this presentation: “Exhibition Report: Born in the USA” (July 2006) and “National Treasure” (November 2006).  Users may need to contact The Strad for any re-use of the articles.

In some cases, the Library was unable to identify a possible rights holder and has elected to place some of those items online as an exercise of fair use for strictly non-commercial educational uses. The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and would like to hear from individuals or institutions that have any additional information or know of their history. Please contact:  Performing Arts Reading Room.

Suggested credit line: Library of Congress, Music Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Carlo Palanca; Castel. DCM: Carlo Palanca; Castel / Treble Alto Recorder in F. Torino; Italy, to 1783; ?second quarter 18c-late 18c, 1719. Image.

APA citation style:

Carlo Palanca; Castel. (1719) DCM: Carlo Palanca; Castel / Treble Alto Recorder in F. Torino; Italy, to 1783; ?second quarter 18c-late 18c. [Image] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Carlo Palanca; Castel. DCM: Carlo Palanca; Castel / Treble Alto Recorder in F. Torino; Italy, to 1783; ?second quarter 18c-late 18c, 1719. Image. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.