Audio Recording Mule on the Mount Poor Lazarus / Hiking Jerry / Every Mail Day / Stewboy / Captain's Mule / Lord, Lord
About this Item
- Mule on the Mount
- Other Title
- Poor Lazarus
- Hiking Jerry
- Every Mail Day
- Captain's Mule
- Lord, Lord
- Contributor Names
- Kennedy, Stetson (Collector)
- Halpert, Herbert, 1911-2000 (Collector)
- Hurston, Zora Neale (Speaker)
- Halpert, Herbert, 1911-2000 (Speaker)
- Hurston, Zora Neale (Performer)
- Created / Published
- Jacksonville, Florida
- Subject Headings
- - African Americans
- - Work songs
- - Songs
- - United States -- Florida -- Duval County -- Jacksonville
- - Zora Neale Hurston, originally of Eatonville, Florida, was already a published novelist and folklorist when she took a job with the Federal Writers' Project in Florida.
- - The most widely-distributed work song in the United States, with a consistent tune but varying verses. Zora Neale Hurston originally learned "Mule on the Mount" from George Thomas in Eatonville, Florida. Sung here in track-lining rhythm, it is also sung in other work sites, such as the lumber camps, and in recreational venues such as the "jooks."
- - Performance Note: "Mule on the Mount" (vocals) performed by Zora Neale Hurston at Federal Music Project Office, Jacksonville, Florida, on June 18, 1939.
- Sound disc : analog ; 12 in.
- Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1939/005: AFS 03136 B01
- Source Collection
- Herbert Halpert 1939 Southern States Recording Expedition (AFC 1939/005)
- American Folklife Center
- Digital Id
- Online Format
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A small subset of the sound recordings in this collection (44 items) are not included in this online presentation due to considerations of sound quality or other concerns. See a list of the items in the American Folklife Center's holdings but not provided here online. Researchers with an interest or need to review the entire body of material are encouraged to contact the American Folklife Center. The staff of the American Folklife Center is eager to learn more about the musical compositions and performers included in the collection and encourages the public to contact them with any information.
Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:
- Resettlement Administration Recordings Collection (AFC 1939/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
- Stetson Kennedy and Robert Cook Florida WPA Recordings (AFC 1939/013), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
- Alton C. Morris Florida WPA recordings (AFC 1939/026), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
- Florida WPA Recordings, 1940 (AFC 1940/011), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
- American Folklife Center correspondence files, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
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For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Kennedy, Stetson, Herbert Halpert, Zora Neale Hurston, Herbert Halpert, and Zora Neale Hurston. Mule on the Mount. Jacksonville, Florida, 1939. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/flwpa000008/. (Accessed January 20, 2018.)
APA citation style:
Kennedy, S., Halpert, H., Hurston, Z. N., Halpert, H. & Hurston, Z. N. (1939) Mule on the Mount. Jacksonville, Florida. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/flwpa000008/.
MLA citation style:
Kennedy, Stetson, et al. Mule on the Mount. Jacksonville, Florida, 1939. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <https://www.loc.gov/item/flwpa000008/>.