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About this Item

Contributor Names
Halpert, Herbert, 1911-2000 (Collector)
Martinez, Adela (Speaker)
Pages, Art (Performer)
Bermudez, Ramon (Performer)
Pous, Carols (Performer)
Martinez, Adela (Performer)
Created / Published
Ybor City, Florida
Subject Headings
-  Cuban Americans
-  Love songs
-  Cuban-Americans--Music
-  Drum music
-  Cuban Americans--Music
-  Songs
-  Instrumental music
-  United States -- Florida -- Hillsborough County -- Ybor City
Instrumental music
-  Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their workers.
-  The Cuban Club is a recreational society founded in 1899 by Cuban immigrants.
-  A song played in dance halls in Cuba. Introduced by the singer, in Spanish. As later translated by Art Pages, "The idea of the song is--the name of the song is Merce, that's a name--a proper name. It's a Negro girl's name, and she's supposed to be the most popular of the party, and the song refers to her popularity--that is, her way of dancing and acting and speaking, and so forth, and everybody sings to her beauty and her pep, would you say, and the whole song is based on her."
-  Performance Note: "Merce" (vocals with piano, drums, and gourds) performed by Adela Martinez, Art Pages, piano, Ramon Bermudez, and Carlos Pous, vocals, at Cuban Club, Ybor City, Florida, on June 21, 1939.
-  Performer referred to elsewhere as Adelita Martinez
Sound disc : analog ; 12 in.
Call Number/Physical Location
AFC 1939/005: AFS 03146 A01
Source Collection
Herbert Halpert 1939 Southern States Recording Expedition (AFC 1939/005)
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
Online Format

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17, U.S.C.) or any other restrictions in the material in this collection, except as noted below. Users should keep in mind that the Library of Congress is providing access to these materials strictly for educational and research purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other holders of rights (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. See our Legal Notices and Privacy and Publicity Rights for additional information and restrictions.

The Center asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here. Researchers are also reminded that privacy and publicity rights may pertain to certain uses of this material.

A small subset of the sound recordings in this collection (44 items) are not included in this online presentation due to considerations of sound quality or other concerns. See a list of the items in the American Folklife Center's holdings but not provided here online. Researchers with an interest or need to review the entire body of material are encouraged to contact the American Folklife Center. The staff of the American Folklife Center is eager to learn more about the musical compositions and performers included in the collection and encourages the public to contact them with any information.

Credit line

Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

  • Resettlement Administration Recordings Collection (AFC 1939/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
  • Stetson Kennedy and Robert Cook Florida WPA Recordings (AFC 1939/013), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
  • Alton C. Morris Florida WPA recordings (AFC 1939/026), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
  • Florida WPA Recordings, 1940 (AFC 1940/011), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
  • American Folklife Center correspondence files, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Halpert, Herbert, Adela Martinez, Art Pages, Ramon Bermudez, Carols Pous, and Adela Martinez. Merce. Ybor City, Florida, 1939. Audio.

APA citation style:

Halpert, H., Martinez, A., Pages, A., Bermudez, R., Pous, C. & Martinez, A. (1939) Merce. Ybor City, Florida. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Halpert, Herbert, et al. Merce. Ybor City, Florida, 1939. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.

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