Audio Recording Bellamena
About this Item
- Kennedy, Stetson (Collector)
- Cook, Robert Harrison (Collector)
- Rolle, Theodore "Tea Roll" (Performer)
Created / Published
- Key West, Florida
- - Bahamian Americans
- - Bahamian Americans--Music
- - African Americans
- - Songs
- - United States -- Florida -- Monroe County -- Key West
- - A Bahamian folksong, commemorating the role of Caribbean vessels in "rum-running," or transporting alcohol, to the United States during Prohibition (1919-1933). The 18th amendment to the Constitution, known as the Volstead Act, or Prohibition Act, had outlawed the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States. Enterprising "rum-runners" transported alcohol manufactured from islands in the Caribbean to the U.S., repainting their boats between trips to avoid suspicion by the U.S. Coast Guard.
- - The singer is from Andros Island, Bahamas.
- - Performance Note: "Bellamena" (vocals with piano, trombone, and guitar) performed by Theodore (Tea Roll) Rolle, piano, at Key West, Florida, on January 20, 1940.
- Sound disc : analog ; 12 in.
Call Number/Physical Location
- AFC 1939/013: AFS 03384 A01
- Stetson Kennedy and Robert Cook WPA Florida Recordings (AFC 1939/013)
- American Folklife Center
Rights & Access
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The Center asks that researchers approach the materials in this collection with respect for the culture and sensibilities of the people whose lives, ideas, and creativity are documented here. Researchers are also reminded that privacy and publicity rights may pertain to certain uses of this material.
A small subset of the sound recordings in this collection (44 items) are not included in this online presentation due to considerations of sound quality or other concerns. See a list of the items in the American Folklife Center's holdings but not provided here online. Researchers with an interest or need to review the entire body of material are encouraged to contact the American Folklife Center. The staff of the American Folklife Center is eager to learn more about the musical compositions and performers included in the collection and encourages the public to contact them with any information.
Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:
- Resettlement Administration Recordings Collection (AFC 1939/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
- Stetson Kennedy and Robert Cook Florida WPA Recordings (AFC 1939/013), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
- Alton C. Morris Florida WPA recordings (AFC 1939/026), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
- Florida WPA Recordings, 1940 (AFC 1940/011), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
- American Folklife Center correspondence files, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Kennedy, Stetson, Robert Harrison Cook, and Theodore "Tea Roll" Rolle. Bellamena. Key West, Florida, 1940. Audio. https://www.loc.gov/item/flwpa000100/.
APA citation style:
Kennedy, S., Cook, R. H. & Rolle, T. ". R. (1940) Bellamena. Key West, Florida. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/flwpa000100/.
MLA citation style:
Kennedy, Stetson, Robert Harrison Cook, and Theodore "Tea Roll" Rolle. Bellamena. Key West, Florida, 1940. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/flwpa000100/>.