Audio Recording Amambrocha To

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About this Item

Amambrocha To
Contributor Names
Kennedy, Stetson (Collector)
Cook, Robert Harrison (Collector)
Kennedy, Stetson (Speaker)
Andux, Ziomara (Performer)
Andux, Evelia (Performer)
Created / Published
Ybor City, Florida
Subject Headings
-  Singing games
-  Children's songs
-  Cuban Americans
-  Cuban-Americans--Music
-  Songs
-  United States -- Florida -- Hillsborough County -- Ybor City
-  Ybor City, now a neighborhood within Tampa, was settled in 1886 by Cuban cigar manufacturers under the leadership of Vicente Martínez de Ybor. The cigar companies moved from Key West to avoid unionization of their workers.
-  Ziomara Andux, age 13, and her sister, Evelia Andux, age 11, describe a game played by the Cuban children in Ybor City. To play the game, a group of children line up, with the exception of one who faces the line and sings the first two lines of the song; all the children in the line sing together in response. The game continues until each of the children has been offered some agreeable "work" and have been adopted by the original singer, who takes them and forms a line opposite. When all but one of the children have been "adopted," the game begins again.
-  As played for the recording, the name "Orbito" is used, because Orbito Andux was playing the game with his two sisters. The work offered him is "cowboy," which is said in English because they could not think of the word for cowboy in Spanish. They say tha
-  Performance Note: "Amambrocha To" (vocals) performed by Ziomara Andux, Evelia Andux at Ybor City, Florida, on August 24, 1939.
Sound disc : analog ; 12 in.
Call Number/Physical Location
AFC 1939/013: AFS 03530 A01
Source Collection
Stetson Kennedy and Robert Cook WPA Florida Recordings (AFC 1939/013)
American Folklife Center
Digital Id
Online Format

Rights & Access

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A small subset of the sound recordings in this collection (44 items) are not included in this online presentation due to considerations of sound quality or other concerns. See a list of the items in the American Folklife Center's holdings but not provided here online. Researchers with an interest or need to review the entire body of material are encouraged to contact the American Folklife Center. The staff of the American Folklife Center is eager to learn more about the musical compositions and performers included in the collection and encourages the public to contact them with any information.

Credit line

Please cite the source collection title, collection number, and repository, for example:

  • Resettlement Administration Recordings Collection (AFC 1939/016), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
  • Stetson Kennedy and Robert Cook Florida WPA Recordings (AFC 1939/013), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
  • Alton C. Morris Florida WPA recordings (AFC 1939/026), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
  • Florida WPA Recordings, 1940 (AFC 1940/011), American Folklife Center, Library of Congress
  • American Folklife Center correspondence files, American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Kennedy, Stetson, Robert Harrison Cook, Stetson Kennedy, Ziomara Andux, and Evelia Andux. Amambrocha To. Ybor City, Florida, 1939. Audio.

APA citation style:

Kennedy, S., Cook, R. H., Kennedy, S., Andux, Z. & Andux, E. (1939) Amambrocha To. Ybor City, Florida. [Audio] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Kennedy, Stetson, et al. Amambrocha To. Ybor City, Florida, 1939. Audio. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.

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