Top of page

Photo, Print, Drawing First African Baptist Church, 23 Montgomery Street, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

[ Photos from Survey HABS GA-276  ]

More Resources

[ Drawings from Survey HABS GA-276  ]
[ Data Pages from Survey HABS GA-276  ]
[ pdf version of supplemental pages ]

About this Item

Title

  • First African Baptist Church, 23 Montgomery Street, Savannah, Chatham County, GA

Names

  • Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
  • Leile, George
  • Bryan, Hannah
  • Bryan, Andrew
  • First Colored Baptist Church
  • Marshall, Andrew
  • First African Baptist Church
  • Sunbury Association
  • Aparicio, Maria, field team
  • Arfuso, Olivia, field team
  • Barletta, Roberto, field team
  • Crotzer, Scott, field team
  • Eloshway, Melissa, field team
  • Frew, Kyra, field team
  • Gibson, Katie, field team
  • Hyatt, Andrew, field team
  • Jarles, Ryan, field team
  • Martin, Elizabeth, field team
  • McDonald, Parker, field team
  • Morgan, Sarah, field team
  • Sommerville, Jennifer, field team
  • Smith, Kayla, field team
  • Stewart, Marshall, field team
  • Keller, Chad, faculty sponsor
  • Bush-Brown, Harold, historian
  • Andrew, L. D., photographer
  • Savannah College of Art and Design, sponsor
  • McPartland, Mary, transmitter

Created / Published

  • Documentation compiled after 1933

Headings

  • -  Baptist churches
  • -  religions
  • -  African Americans
  • -  Romanesque Revival architectural elements
  • -  Greek Revival architectural elements
  • -  raised basements
  • -  stucco
  • -  brick buildings
  • -  belfries
  • -  stained glass
  • -  pipe organs
  • -  Georgia--Chatham County--Savannah

Latitude / Longitude

  • 32.081375,-81.096191

Notes

  • -  2017 Charles E. Peterson Prize, Honorable Mention
  • -  Significance: First African Baptist Church was built to be a safe-haven for African Americans to be free to worship beginning in a time even when they were not free themselves. It played an integral role in the establishment, progression, and reinforcement of religious freedom for African Americans in the southern United States. This building was built during a time when most African Americans lived in shanties on the outside of town in deplorable conditions. First African Baptist was the first brick building owned by African Americans in the city of Savannah and was built on the edge of town serving as a symbol of the African American civilization and movement into the city. The church was built in the high style of Romanesque Revival for what was at the time an unlikely group of patrons. First African continued to be vital to the African American community in the twentieth century, particularly during the Civil Rights era. Savannah was a center for racial injustice before and during the Civil Rights Movement just as it had been a center for the horrors of the era of slavery a century prior. First African has been standing and strengthening its black members through the atrocities they’ve faced for many generations.
  • -  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N2219
  • -  Survey number: HABS GA-276
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1859 Initial Construction
  • -  Building/structure dates: after. 1870- before. 1879 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1888 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1925 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: after. 1940- before. 1949 Subsequent Work

Medium

  • Photo(s): 2
  • Measured Drawing(s): 13
  • Data Page(s): 8

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HABS GA,26-SAV,33-

Source Collection

  • Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Repository

  • Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

Control Number

  • ga0018

Rights Advisory

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress does not own rights to material in its collections. Therefore, it does not license or charge permission fees for use of such material and cannot grant or deny permission to publish or otherwise distribute the material.

Ultimately, it is the researcher's obligation to assess copyright or other use restrictions and obtain permission from third parties when necessary before publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the Library's collections.

For information about reproducing, publishing, and citing material from this collection, as well as access to the original items, see: Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record/Historic American Landscape Survey (HABS/HAER/HALS) Collection - Rights and Restrictions Information

  • Rights Advisory: No known restrictions on images made by the U.S. Government; images copied from other sources may be restricted. https://www.loc.gov/rr/print/res/114_habs.html
  • Reproduction Number: ---
  • Call Number: HABS GA,26-SAV,33-
  • Access Advisory: ---

Obtaining Copies

If an image is displaying, you can download it yourself. (Some images display only as thumbnails outside the Library of Congress because of rights considerations, but you have access to larger size images on site.)

Alternatively, you can purchase copies of various types through Library of Congress Duplication Services.

  1. If a digital image is displaying: The qualities of the digital image partially depend on whether it was made from the original or an intermediate such as a copy negative or transparency. If the Reproduction Number field above includes a reproduction number that starts with LC-DIG..., then there is a digital image that was made directly from the original and is of sufficient resolution for most publication purposes.
  2. If there is information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can use the reproduction number to purchase a copy from Duplication Services. It will be made from the source listed in the parentheses after the number.

    If only black-and-white ("b&w") sources are listed and you desire a copy showing color or tint (assuming the original has any), you can generally purchase a quality copy of the original in color by citing the Call Number listed above and including the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.

  3. If there is no information listed in the Reproduction Number field above: You can generally purchase a quality copy through Duplication Services. Cite the Call Number listed above and include the catalog record ("About This Item") with your request.

Price lists, contact information, and order forms are available on the Duplication Services Web site.

Access to Originals

Please use the following steps to determine whether you need to fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room to view the original item(s). In some cases, a surrogate (substitute image) is available, often in the form of a digital image, a copy print, or microfilm.

  1. Is the item digitized? (A thumbnail (small) image will be visible on the left.)

    • Yes, the item is digitized. Please use the digital image in preference to requesting the original. All images can be viewed at a large size when you are in any reading room at the Library of Congress. In some cases, only thumbnail (small) images are available when you are outside the Library of Congress because the item is rights restricted or has not been evaluated for rights restrictions.
      As a preservation measure, we generally do not serve an original item when a digital image is available. If you have a compelling reason to see the original, consult with a reference librarian. (Sometimes, the original is simply too fragile to serve. For example, glass and film photographic negatives are particularly subject to damage. They are also easier to see online where they are presented as positive images.)
    • No, the item is not digitized. Please go to #2.
  2. Do the Access Advisory or Call Number fields above indicate that a non-digital surrogate exists, such as microfilm or copy prints?

    • Yes, another surrogate exists. Reference staff can direct you to this surrogate.
    • No, another surrogate does not exist. Please go to #3.
  3. If you do not see a thumbnail image or a reference to another surrogate, please fill out a call slip in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room. In many cases, the originals can be served in a few minutes. Other materials require appointments for later the same day or in the future. Reference staff can advise you in both how to fill out a call slip and when the item can be served.

To contact Reference staff in the Prints and Photographs Reading Room, please use our Ask A Librarian service or call the reading room between 8:30 and 5:00 at 202-707-6394, and Press 3.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, George Leile, Hannah Bryan, Andrew Bryan, First Colored Baptist Church, Andrew Marshall, First African Baptist Church, et al., Andrew, L. D, photographer. First African Baptist Church, 23 Montgomery Street, Savannah, Chatham County, GA. Chatham County Savannah Georgia, 1933. translateds by Mcpartland, Marymitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/ga0018/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Leile, G., Bryan, H., Bryan, A., First Colored Baptist Church, Marshall, A. [...] Savannah College Of Art And Design, S., Andrew, L. D., photographer. (1933) First African Baptist Church, 23 Montgomery Street, Savannah, Chatham County, GA. Chatham County Savannah Georgia, 1933. McPartland, M., trans Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ga0018/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al., photographer by Andrew, L. D. First African Baptist Church, 23 Montgomery Street, Savannah, Chatham County, GA. trans by Mcpartland, Marymitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/ga0018/>.