On August 10, 2021, the Brazilian Federal Senate approved Bill of Law No. 2,108/2021 (Projeto de Lei No. 2108, de 2021), which revokes the country’s National Security Law (Lei de Segurança Nacional, LSN, Lei No. 7,170, de 14 de Dezembro de 1983).
The bill also revokes article 39 of the Criminal Misdemeanors Law (Lei das Contravenções Penais, Decreto-Lei No. 3.688, de 3 de Outubro de 1941), which punished with one to six months in prison or a fine anyone who participated in a periodic association of more than five people under a commitment to conceal from the authorities the existence, purpose, organization, or administration of the association.
The LSN was created in 1983 during the military dictatorship period and was considered outdated after the enactment of the Federal Constitution of October 5, 1988. The LSN will be replaced by the inclusion of a new title in the Penal Code (Código Penal, Decreto-Lei No. 2.848, de 7 de Dezembro de 1940) to deal with crimes against the rule of law (estado democrátio de direito). The bill will now be forwarded to the president of the republic for promulgation.