Article Israel: Parliament Dissolves Itself, Approves National Election and Financing Adjustments

On June 30, 2022, the Knesset (Israel’s parliament) approved the Law for the Dissolution of the 24th Knesset and Parties’ Financing Law, 5782-2022 (Dissolution Law). The Dissolution Law provides for the dissolution of the current Knesset before the completion of its term and for national elections to take place on November 1, 2022. The November elections will be the fifth election in less than four years.

The Dissolution Law increases government funding for party groups as defined under the Political Parties (Financing) Law, 5733-1973, as amended. The Political Parties (Financing) Law authorizes using public funding for financing election expenses and operating expenses, as well as providing loans to political parties and party groups under conditions enumerated.

The explanatory notes for the Dissolution Law, as cited by a Knesset press release from June 30, 2022, state as follows:

According to article 34 of the Basic Law: The Knesset, it is proposed to dissolve the 24th Knesset before the end of its term. Due to the holding of five Knesset elections in a period of less than four years, the parties face considerable difficulty in managing the public resources allocated to them by law. These resources are intended to be used by the parties for longer periods between one election period and another, and it is therefore proposed to adapt the rules regarding loans granted to Knesset factions for ongoing expenses to the unique circumstances.

Accordingly, the Dissolution Law provides for allocating direct government funding to every party group for its election expenses during the election period and for its operational expenses (expenses other than election expenses) for every month following the publication of the results of the parliamentary elections until the month in which the results of the elections to the next parliament are published. (Dissolution Law § 2(a); see also Ruth Levush, Campaign Financing of National Elections in Selected Foreign Countries 110 (1997).) The Dissolution Law further provides for consideration of amounts given to parties in previous elections in determining the allocation of new loans, and for extending the period on whose basis loans for operational expenses are allocated and during which deductions from monthly loans are withdrawn.

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Israel: Parliament Dissolves Itself, Approves National Election and Financing Adjustments. 2022. Web Page. https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2022-07-06/israel-parliament-dissolves-itself-approves-national-election-and-financing-adjustments/.

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(2022) Israel: Parliament Dissolves Itself, Approves National Election and Financing Adjustments. [Web Page] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2022-07-06/israel-parliament-dissolves-itself-approves-national-election-and-financing-adjustments/.

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Israel: Parliament Dissolves Itself, Approves National Election and Financing Adjustments. 2022. Web Page. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2022-07-06/israel-parliament-dissolves-itself-approves-national-election-and-financing-adjustments/>.