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Article Turkey: Supreme Election Board Decision on Final Vote Count in Parliamentary Elections Published

On May 30, 2023, the decision of Turkey’s Supreme Election Board (SEB) certifying the final results of the parliamentary election that took place on May 14, 2023, was published in the Official Gazette. The SEB is Turkey’s highest authority regulating and supervising national elections. In total, 55,835,895 ballots were cast (of which 54,442,588 were valid votes), with a voter turnout of 87.05%.

Results of the Parliamentary Elections

The national parliamentary elections took place on the same day as the first round of the presidential elections, with the presidential election runoff taking place on May 28.

According to the SEB’s tally of total votes, including those cast within Turkey and outside of Turkey by Turkish citizens resident abroad, President Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) got 19,392,462 votes (35.62% of the total valid votes); the Republican People’s Party (CHP), which is the main opposition party led by Kemal Kilicdaroglu, who ran for the presidency in the presidential elections, got 13,802,183 (25.35%); the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), which supported the AKP in the last parliament and which entered the elections as part of an electoral alliance with the AKP, got 5,484,820 (10.07%); the Good Party (IP), which split from the MHP in 2017 and was the main ally of the CHP as part of an electoral alliance in the present election, got 5,275,981 votes (9.69%); and the Party of Greens and the Left Future (YSP), whose election lists included the candidates of the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HPD), got 4,803,922 votes (8.82%).

Turkey has a 7% electoral threshold, and parties in an electoral alliance have only to collectively surpass the threshold to gain representation in the parliament. Benefiting from this rule to win seats in parliament were the New Welfare Party (YRP), which was in an electoral alliance with the AKP and got 1,527,048 votes (2.80%), and the Turkish Labor Party (TIP), which was in an alliance with the YSP and got 956,057 votes (1.76%). In contrast, the Victory Party (ZP), which got 1,216,399 votes (2.23%) did not gain seats as it was not part of an alliance that surpassed the threshold.

Distribution of Seats in Parliament

Turkey’s parliament, the Grand National Assembly, is a unicameral legislature with 600 seats. National parliamentary elections take place in 87 electoral districts (with each of the 81 provinces of Turkey consisting of one electoral district, with the exception of Istanbul, Ankara, Izmir, and Bursa, which have multiple districts) using the D’Hondt allocation method. The final distribution of seats according to the SEB decision is as follows:

Party

Electoral Alliance

Seats

AKP

“People’s Alliance” (PA)

268

MHP

PA

50

YRP

PA

5

CHP

“Nation Alliance” (NA)

169

IP

NA

43

YSP

“Labor and Freedom Alliance” (LFA)

61

TIP

LFA

4

While the Nation Alliance was represented by two parties in the election (the CHP and IP), unofficially it represented a partnership of six parties, known as the “Table of Six,” which includes the Democracy and Progress Party (DEVA) and the Future Party (GP), both of which split from the AKP; the Democrat Party (DP); and the Felicity Party (FP), from which the YRP had split. According to media reports, 39 of the 268 seats that the CHP has won in the elections are held by candidates of the other parties belonging to the Table of Six who entered the elections on the CHP’s lists. (In addition to the Table of Six parties, one seat will be held by an ex-CHP politician who formed his own party, the Party for Change in Turkey (TDP)). Similarly, members of other parties entered the elections on AKP lists and won seats, including four candidates from the Free Cause Party (HUDA PAR) and one from the Democratic Left Party (DSP).

Under article 3 of the internal regulations of the Grand National Assembly, the legislative period for the 28th parliament will start on the third day following the publication of the SEB’s final results.

Kayahan Cantekin, Law Library of Congress
June 9, 2023

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Chicago citation style:

Cantekin, Kayahan. Turkey: Supreme Election Board Decision on Final Vote Count in Parliamentary Elections Published. 2023. Web Page. https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2023-06-08/turkey-supreme-election-board-decision-on-final-vote-count-in-parliamentary-elections-published/.

APA citation style:

Cantekin, K. (2023) Turkey: Supreme Election Board Decision on Final Vote Count in Parliamentary Elections Published. [Web Page] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2023-06-08/turkey-supreme-election-board-decision-on-final-vote-count-in-parliamentary-elections-published/.

MLA citation style:

Cantekin, Kayahan. Turkey: Supreme Election Board Decision on Final Vote Count in Parliamentary Elections Published. 2023. Web Page. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2023-06-08/turkey-supreme-election-board-decision-on-final-vote-count-in-parliamentary-elections-published/>.