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Article Bahrain: Draft Law to Protect Private Information Stored on Personal Communication Devices

On February 28, 2024, the Foreign Affairs, Defense and National Security Committee of the House of Representatives of the Kingdom of Bahrain announced it had approved a draft law amending Law No. 15 of 1976 on the Penal Code. The proposed draft law aims at protecting private and financial information stored on personal cell phones, computers, and laptops. The law would amend articles 380 and 396 of the Penal Code.

Content of the Draft Law

Theft of Communication Equipment for the Purpose of Obtaining Private Information

The draft law would amend article 380 of the Penal Code to provide that a person who steals a cell phone, personal computer, laptop, iPad, or any other communication equipment for the purpose of obtaining information stored on it must be punished with a term of imprisonment not exceeding one year.

Seizure with the Intent to Acquire Lost Communication Equipment

In a proposed amendment to article 396 of the Penal Code, the draft law provides that any person who seizes for himself any lost cell phone, personal computer, laptop, iPad, or any other communication equipment that comes into his possession by mistake must be punished by a term of imprisonment not exceeding two years and a fine 500 Bahraini Dinars (around US$1325).

Obtaining Private Information from Acquired Lost Communication Equipment

The draft law would also amend article 396 to enhance the penalty for acquiring lost communication equipment and obtaining information stored on the equipment.  The penalty for this crime would be a term of imprisonment not exceeding two years, a fine not exceeding 500 Bahraini Dinars, or both.

George Sadek, Law Library of Congress
May 6, 2024

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Chicago citation style:

Sadek, George. Bahrain: Draft Law to Protect Private Information Stored on Personal Communication Devices. 2024. Web Page. https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-05-05/bahrain-draft-law-to-protect-private-information-stored-on-personal-communication-devices/.

APA citation style:

Sadek, G. (2024) Bahrain: Draft Law to Protect Private Information Stored on Personal Communication Devices. [Web Page] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-05-05/bahrain-draft-law-to-protect-private-information-stored-on-personal-communication-devices/.

MLA citation style:

Sadek, George. Bahrain: Draft Law to Protect Private Information Stored on Personal Communication Devices. 2024. Web Page. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-05-05/bahrain-draft-law-to-protect-private-information-stored-on-personal-communication-devices/>.