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Article Nicaragua-Russia: Cooperation Agreement for Training of Police Forces

On March 21, 2024, Nicaragua enacted Legislative Decree A.N. No. 8873 of 2024 (the agreement), a decree approving the agreement between the government of the Republic of Nicaragua and the Government of the Russian Federation, for cooperation in the field of retraining and professional improvement in the sphere of police activity. As outlined in article 2 of the decree, its legal effects extend both within and beyond the borders of Nicaragua, once it gains international force.

Key Elements of the Agreement

As mentioned in the agreement’s considerations, it seeks to foster collaboration with international partners to enhance the law enforcement capabilities of Nicaragua. This agreement responds to the need to create conditions for the training and professional improvement of police personnel in Nicaragua. Additionally, it seeks to guarantee a high level of training for the personnel of the various police agencies in Nicaragua. (Agreement art. 1.)

The agreement aims to cooperate in retraining and professional improvement of police personnel in Nicaragua, according to universally recognized principles and international law. It establishes a training center in Managua, Nicaragua for this purpose, which can also admit personnel from other Latin American, Central American, and Caribbean countries with their respective states’ consent. (Id. art. 1.)

The National Police of Nicaragua and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation are designated within the agreement as the parties responsible for its implementation. (Id. art. 2.) Any changes made to the authority of the institutions tasked with enforcement of the terms of the agreement must be promptly communicated to each other. (Id.)

Under the agreement, the term “sphere of police activity” is defined to include areas relating to the fight against crimes as well as the maintenance of public order and public safety, whereas the term “personnel of police agencies of foreign states” means members of organizations in Nicaragua and other Latin American, Central American, and Caribbean jurisdictions working in the sphere of police activity. (Id. art. 3.) 

The agreement outlines the main tasks of the training center, including the education, organization of events, and adherence to international law and relevant national legislation. (Id. art 4.) The Russian government will provide equipment, personnel, and financial support for the training center’s operation. (Id. art. 7.) Real estate and property acquired by the Russian government for the training center’s operation will be exempt from certain taxes and enjoy immunity from legal and administrative interventions. (Id. arts. 6 & 11.)

Both parties will provide personnel to the training center, and they will share information for monitoring the agreement’s implementation. (Id. arts. 9 & 10.) In addition, disagreements will be resolved through consultations and negotiations. (Id. art. 13.)

The agreement provides that it is valid for 10 years, at the end of which the parties will have an opportunity to terminate it with a six-month notice. (Id. art. 15.) 

The agreement has garnered mixed reactions from the media. According to 100% Noticias, the agreement formalized between these two nations enhances the capabilities of Nicaraguan police through Russian training programs. Infobae highlights a more critical perspective, suggesting that Russia’s involvement goes beyond mere training, hinting at the establishment of a sophisticated intelligence and espionage system in Nicaragua. Similarly, El Pinguino Newspaper echoes concern about the potential expansion of Russian intelligence operations in the region. TeleSUR reported on the agreements as part of broader cooperation efforts between the two nations by quoting President Ortega Murillo and General Patrushev. In contrast, Diálogo Américas questions whether this partnership is a strategic alliance or a cover for espionage activities, reflecting widespread skepticism about Russia’s true intentions in Nicaragua.

Stephania Alvarez, Law Library of Congress
May 29, 2024

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Chicago citation style:

Alvarez, Stephania. Nicaragua-Russia: Cooperation Agreement for Training of Police Forces. 2024. Web Page. https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-05-28/nicaragua-russia-cooperation-agreement-for-training-of-police-forces/.

APA citation style:

Alvarez, S. (2024) Nicaragua-Russia: Cooperation Agreement for Training of Police Forces. [Web Page] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-05-28/nicaragua-russia-cooperation-agreement-for-training-of-police-forces/.

MLA citation style:

Alvarez, Stephania. Nicaragua-Russia: Cooperation Agreement for Training of Police Forces. 2024. Web Page. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-05-28/nicaragua-russia-cooperation-agreement-for-training-of-police-forces/>.