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Article United States-Ukraine: Bilateral Security Agreement Signed

On June 13, 2024, the United States and Ukraine entered into a joint security agreement outlining a 10-year plan to strengthen Ukraine’s defensive capabilities and assist Ukraine in meeting requirements for eventual membership in the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). (Bilateral Security Agreement, U.S.-Ukr., June 13, 2024.)

The White House identified five distinct areas of importance within the agreement: to build and maintain Ukraine’s capacity to provide for its defense, strengthen Ukraine’s capacity to sustain the fight against Russia, accelerate Ukraine’s Euro-Atlantic integration, achieve a just peace with Russia, and provide for support and consultation to deter potential future attacks. (Fact Sheet: U.S.-Ukraine Bilateral Security Agreement.)

The U.S. State Department noted that 15 other countries have already signed similar agreements with Ukraine, and that 32 countries signed a Joint Declaration in 2023 supporting Ukraine’s defense. The U.S. is working with these other countries to “maintain a balanced division of responsibility and burden-sharing to meet the necessary capabilities for Ukraine’s future force.”  

Specifics of the Agreement

The agreement builds upon the Strategic Defense Framework and the U.S. Ukraine Charter on Strategic Partnership, both signed in 2021. (Agreement, Preamble.) The agreement also envisions cooperation with a “just peace” for Ukraine, protecting its sovereignty under international law. (Agreement art. V.)

Article II of the agreement provides the framework for defense and security cooperation. This article includes provisions for intelligence sharing and coordinated economic sanctions in the event of future aggression against Ukraine. It also includes provisions related to joint military training and exercises and cybersecurity cooperation. The annex to the agreement provides more explanation of how to achieve the defense goals, including the transition of Ukraine’s military to use western weapons, such as F-16 fighters.

Article III of the agreement provides for economic support to Ukraine. This includes support for integration of Ukraine’s energy sector with the rest of Europe. Article III also reiterates a 2023 Memorandum of Understanding related to the support of nuclear energy in Ukraine. It also includes provisions to support private and public investment in Ukraine and continued support for anti-corruption and human rights. The annex provides several avenues for economic support, including pledges to hold seized Russian assets in the U.S. until the conflict has been resolved and to continue sanctions activity against Russia.

Article IV of the agreement provides a framework to advance reforms in line with EU and NATO principles and standards. This includes provisions to advance Ukraine’s governmental institutions to build upon democratic values such as independence of the judiciary, anti-corruption, transparency in law enforcement, and civilian oversight of military institutions.

Louis Myers, Law Library of Congress
June 18, 2024

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Chicago citation style:

Myers, Louis. United States-Ukraine: Bilateral Security Agreement Signed. 2024. Web Page. https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-06-17/united-states-bilateral-security-agreement-with-ukraine-signed/.

APA citation style:

Myers, L. (2024) United States-Ukraine: Bilateral Security Agreement Signed. [Web Page] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-06-17/united-states-bilateral-security-agreement-with-ukraine-signed/.

MLA citation style:

Myers, Louis. United States-Ukraine: Bilateral Security Agreement Signed. 2024. Web Page. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-06-17/united-states-bilateral-security-agreement-with-ukraine-signed/>.