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Article Egypt: Public Awareness Campaign Launched to Promote Law Against Female Genital Mutilation

On June 13, 2024, the National Committee for the Elimination of Female Genital Mutilation launched a public awareness campaign to educate the public about Law No. 10 of 2021, which increased criminal penalties for the crime of female genital mutilation (FGM).

The public awareness campaign is in collaboration with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). It will be promoted via social media outlets and Egyptian local radio channels. The campaign aims to inform the public about Law No. 10 of 2021, which imposes criminal penalties on any person engaging in FGM, any person who promotes FGM, or requests that a medical professional engage in an FGM procedure.

Scope of the Problem

According to the United Nations Population Fund, FGM is common in Egypt. Based on a survey that took place in 2021, 86% of Egyptian married women between the ages of 15 and 49 have undergone some form of FGM. Another study conducted by UNICEF found that 67% of adolescent Egyptian girls aged 15 to 17 years, and 14% of girls under 15, have undergone FGM.

Law No. 10 of 2021

In April 2021, the Egyptian parliament passed Law No. 10 of 2021 to deter perpetrators of FGM by imposing criminal penalties between five and 20 years, depending on the circumstances, against any person committing an act of FGM.

The law amended article 242 (bis) of the Egyptian Penal Code, Law No. 37 of 1958, as amended. Under amended article No. 242 (bis), any person who engages in FGM by removing, modifying, or mutilating a part of a female’s genitals must be punished by a term of five to seven years in prison. Doctors and nurses who engage in FGM are punishable by 10 years’ imprisonment.

In case a victim dies from undergoing FGM, the perpetrator is punishable by 10 years’ imprisonment if the perpetrator is not a medical practitioner, while if a doctor or a nurse engages in an FGM procedure that results in death, the doctor or nurse must be punished by 10 to 20 years in prison.

In addition to the criminal penalties, Law No. 10 of 2021 requires the closure of a private medical clinic where a FGM procedure takes place for up to five years. In addition, it mandates that an ad be placed in two widely circulated newspapers and on websites to publicize the name of the clinic and the reasons for its closure. Further, it authorizes the court to suspend medical professionals who take part in the procedure for up to five years.

Court Case

In September 2021, a criminal court in Egypt sentenced a nurse to 10 years’ imprisonment for committing FGM on an underage girl. The court also sentenced the father of the underage girl to three years in prison for granting permission to the nurse for the procedure.

George Sadek, Law Library of Congress
June 27, 2024

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Chicago citation style:

Sadek, George. Egypt: Public Awareness Campaign Launched to Promote Law Against Female Genital Mutilation. 2024. Web Page. https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-06-26/egypt-public-awareness-campaign-launched-to-promote-law-against-female-genital-mutilation/.

APA citation style:

Sadek, G. (2024) Egypt: Public Awareness Campaign Launched to Promote Law Against Female Genital Mutilation. [Web Page] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-06-26/egypt-public-awareness-campaign-launched-to-promote-law-against-female-genital-mutilation/.

MLA citation style:

Sadek, George. Egypt: Public Awareness Campaign Launched to Promote Law Against Female Genital Mutilation. 2024. Web Page. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/global-legal-monitor/2024-06-26/egypt-public-awareness-campaign-launched-to-promote-law-against-female-genital-mutilation/>.