Map This map of the peninsula between Delaware & Chesopeak Bays, with the said bays and shores adjacent drawn from the most accurate surveys.
About this Item
- This map of the peninsula between Delaware & Chesopeak Bays, with the said bays and shores adjacent drawn from the most accurate surveys.
- "John Churchman (1753-1805), a Quaker surveyor and cartographer from Nottingham, Pennsylvania, produced this hand-colored map for the American Philosophical Society in order to support the proposed construction of a canal between the Delaware and Chesapeake bays. The mapped area covers the Delmarva Peninsula, Chesapeake Bay, and Delaware Bay. It presents in particular detail the anchorages and navigational hazards along the shoals and sandbanks of the Chesapeake and Delaware waters. Churchman shows counties, towns and cities, roads, industries, rivers, swamps, ferries, and the Cape Henlopen lighthouse. This map was one of only seven separately-issued maps produced in America during the American Revolution. No identifying date or place-name appears on the map, which was probably published about 1778. The name "West New Jersey," which appears in top right-hand corner, denotes a division in New Jersey that was not completely superseded until 1790. Churchman signed an agreement on June 30, 1779, with engraver Daniel Few or Tew, who was to prepare the copper plate for the map. Churchman then presented the map to the American Philosophical Society on July 23, 1779. A committee of the society examined the map and recommended it for publication. The map is from the Rochambeau Collection at the Library of Congress, which consists of 40 manuscript maps, 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas that belonged to Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725-1807), commander in chief of the French expeditionary army (1780-82) during the American Revolution. Some of the maps were used by Rochambeau during the war. Dating from 1717 to 1795, the maps cover much of eastern North America, from Newfoundland and Labrador in the north to Haiti in the south. The collection includes maps of cities, maps showing Revolutionary War battles and military campaigns, and early state maps from the 1790s." World Digital Library.
- Churchman, John, 1753-1805.
- American Philosophical Society.
Created / Published
- [Philadelphia? 1778?]
- - Chesapeake Bay (Md. and Va.)--Maps--Early works to 1800
- - Delmarva Peninsula--Maps--Early works to 1800
- - United States--Maryland--Chesapeake Bay
- - United States--Virginia--Chesapeake Bay
- - United States--Delmarva Peninsula
- - Hand colored.
- - Inscribed "To the American Philosophical Society."
- - Prime meridian: Philadelphia.
- - Scale ca. 1:650,000.
- - LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1376
- - Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
- - LC copy imperfect: Deteriorated along folds.
- - AACR2: 100; 651/1; 651/2; 710/1
- - Vault
- col. map 57 x 43 cm.
Call Number/Physical Location
- G3792.D45 1778 .C5
- Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 USA dcu
Library of Congress Control Number
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
- Rochambeau Map Collection (71)
- France in America (634)
- American Revolution and Its Era: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750 to 1789 (1,435)
- Military Battles and Campaigns (4,492)
- World Digital Library (19,401)
- Geography and Map Division (56,343)
- American Memory (513,923)
- Library of Congress Online Catalog (1,367,766)
Rights & Access
The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.
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Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Churchman, John, and American Philosophical Society. This map of the peninsula between Delaware & Chesopeak Bays, with the said bays and shores adjacent drawn from the most accurate surveys. [Philadelphia? ?, 1778] Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/gm71000974/.
APA citation style:
Churchman, J. & American Philosophical Society. (1778) This map of the peninsula between Delaware & Chesopeak Bays, with the said bays and shores adjacent drawn from the most accurate surveys. [Philadelphia? ?] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/gm71000974/.
MLA citation style:
Churchman, John, and American Philosophical Society. This map of the peninsula between Delaware & Chesopeak Bays, with the said bays and shores adjacent drawn from the most accurate surveys. [Philadelphia? ?, 1778] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/gm71000974/>.