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Map Portsmouth, New Hampshire.

About this Item


  • Portsmouth, New Hampshire.


  • "This manuscript map in pen-and-ink and watercolor made by engineers of the French Army shows the city and harbor of Portsmouth, New Hampshire as they appeared in the early 1780s. The map is oriented with north to the right. Relief is represented by hachures and shading. The map indicates three ships from the French fleet of Admiral Charles Louis de Ternay, the Pluton, Auguste, and Bourgogne, anchored to the right of Newcastle Island. The map centers on the Piscataqua River that flows through Portsmouth to the Atlantic Ocean. It charts fortifications, channels, ship anchorages, bridges, wharves, a hospital, and other sites of military significance. Downtown Portsmouth is indicated by the image of a church with a high-steeple, and Newcastle Island is prominently shown. It later became a suburb of Portsmouth and the site of the Wentworth Hotel where in 1905 the Russian and Japanese delegations negotiating to end the Russo-Japanese War stayed and ultimately signed an armistice. The map has watermarks, and scale is roughly indicated in toises, an old unit measuring almost two meters. The map is from the Rochambeau Collection at the Library of Congress, which consists of 40 manuscript maps, 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas that belonged to Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725-1807), commander in chief of the French expeditionary army (1780-82) during the American Revolution. Some of the maps were used by Rochambeau during the war. Dating from 1717 to 1795, the maps cover much of eastern North America, from Newfoundland and Labrador in the north to Haiti in the south. The collection includes maps of cities, maps showing Revolutionary War battles and military campaigns, and early state maps from the 1790s." World Digital Library.

Created / Published

  • [1782?]


  • -  Harbors--New Hampshire--Portsmouth--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • -  Portsmouth (N.H.)--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Maps, Manuscript--Early works to 1800
  • -  United States--New Hampshire--Portsmouth


  • -  Alternate title from Philip Lee Phillips A list of maps of America: Croquis de la rade de Portsmouth; position de la flotte française.
  • -  Has watermarks.
  • -  Manuscript, pen-and-ink.
  • -  Oriented with north to the right.
  • -  Shows Portsmouth harbor, including fortifications on shore and position of the French ships "Pluton," "Auguste," and "Bourgogne."
  • -  Title from verso.
  • -  Scale ca. 1:61,000.
  • -  LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 876
  • -  Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
  • -  AACR2
  • -  Vault


  • map on sheet 72 x 46 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • G3744.P8S3 1782 .P8


  • Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 USA dcu

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • gm71000982

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.

Note that the written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Portsmouth, New Hampshire. [?, 1782] Map.

APA citation style:

(1782) Portsmouth, New Hampshire. [?] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Portsmouth, New Hampshire. [?, 1782] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.