Map [Plan de New-York et les environs.

About this Item


  • [Plan de New-York et les environs.


  • "This manuscript map in pen-and-ink and watercolor, most likely made by a French military cartographer in 1781, shows New York and its environs near the conclusion of the American Revolution. The map extends from Yonkers, New York in the north to Staten Island in the south and from New Rochelle, New York in the east to Totowa, New Jersey in the west. The map identifies roads, fortifications, redoubts, batteries, vegetation, and relief. A legend on the right side of the map is keyed to earthworks, fortifications, and batteries on Manhattan Island, Paulus Hook, Long Island, and Governors Island. Different letters are used to indicate the characteristics and relative strengths of each installation. In addition to the North (Hudson) River, the map shows the Passaic, Hackensack, and Saddle Rivers in New Jersey. The British captured New York in September 1776. In the summer of 1781, General George Washington, commander of the Continental Army, considered an attack on New York, but he and the Comte de Rochambeau instead feigned preparations for an attack on the city while stealthily moving their troops to Yorktown, Virginia. There, the British under General Charles Cornwallis (1738-1805) were forced to surrender in what proved to be the climactic battle of the Revolutionary War. The title is from a manuscript label, which was on the verso as originally mounted. The map is from the Rochambeau Collection at the Library of Congress, which consists of 40 manuscript maps, 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas that belonged to Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725-1807), commander in chief of the French expeditionary army (1780-82) during the American Revolution. Some of the maps were used by Rochambeau during the war. Dating from 1717 to 1795, the maps cover much of eastern North America, from Newfoundland and Labrador in the north to Haiti in the south. The collection includes maps of cities, maps showing Revolutionary War battles and military campaigns, and early state maps from the 1790s." World Digital Library.

Created / Published

  • 1781?]


  • -  Fortification--New York (State)--New York--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • -  New York (N.Y.)--Maps, Manuscript--Early works to 1800
  • -  New York (N.Y.)--Buildings, structures, etc.--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • -  United States--New York (State)--New York


  • -  "Legende" indicates earthworks, forts, etc. with indication of number of soldiers to man them.
  • -  Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor.
  • -  Relief shown by hachures.
  • -  Scale ca. 1:82,000.
  • -  LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1214
  • -  Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
  • -  AACR2: 440; 651/1; 650/2; 651/3
  • -  Vault


  • col. map, on sheet 51 x 66 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • G3804.N4 1781 .P51


  • Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 USA dcu

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • gm71000992

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.

Note that the written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Plan de New-York et les environs. [?, 1781] Map.

APA citation style:

(1781) Plan de New-York et les environs. [?] [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Plan de New-York et les environs. [?, 1781] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.