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Map Reconnoissance, juillet 1781.

About this Item


  • Reconnoissance, juillet 1781.

Created / Published

  • [1781]


  • -  New York (N.Y.)--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Maps, Manuscript--Early works to 1800
  • -  Hell Gate (New York, N.Y.)--Maps, Manuscript--Early works to 1800
  • -  United States--New York (State)--New York
  • -  United States--New York (State)--Hell Gate (New York)


  • -  Scale ca. 1:18,400; 700 t[oises] = 75 mm.
  • -  Alternate title from Philip Lee Phillips' A list of maps of America: Reconnoissance juillet 1781. Ouvrages et redoutes-Morisania [continent] îles de New York, Montresor et Buchanan.
  • -  Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor.
  • -  Has watermarks.
  • -  Oriented with north to the right.
  • -  Relief shown by hachures.
  • -  Shows fortifications on "Isle de New York" in vicinity of Hell Gate.
  • -  LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1216
  • -  Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
  • -  Vault
  • -  AACR2: 440; 651/1


  • col. map, on sheet 31 x 39 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • G3804.N4R4 1781 .R4


  • Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540 to 4650 USA dcu

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • gm71000994

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.

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Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Reconnoissance, Juillet. [1781] Map.

APA citation style:

(1781) Reconnoissance, Juillet. [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Reconnoissance, Juillet. [1781] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.