Map A new map of the western parts of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Carolina; comprehending the River Ohio, and all the rivers, which fall into it; part of the River Mississippi, the whole of the Illinois River, Lake Erie; part of the Lakes Huron, Michigan &c. and all the country bordering on these lakes and rivers,

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About this Item

Title

  • A new map of the western parts of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Carolina; comprehending the River Ohio, and all the rivers, which fall into it; part of the River Mississippi, the whole of the Illinois River, Lake Erie; part of the Lakes Huron, Michigan &c. and all the country bordering on these lakes and rivers,

Summary

  • "Thomas Hutchins (1730-89) produced this map to accompany and supplement his A Topographical Description of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Carolina, also published in London in 1778. A native of New Jersey, Hutchins fought with the militia in the French and Indian War. He became an expert frontiersman and was known for his skill as a surveyor, cartographer, and geographer. In 1766 he was given a regular commission as an engineer in the British army and assigned to survey the western regions of Britain's North American empire. He eventually became the most respected surveyor and map maker in the colonies. Hutchins resigned his commission in 1780, joined the struggle for American independence, and in 1781 was named the first geographer of the United States. This hand-colored map shows state boundaries, towns, forts, roads, Indian villages, Indian paths or trails, rivers and creeks, waterfalls, portages, springs, mountain passes, and deposits of minerals. The map includes descriptive text and notes on areas with fertile land for farming. Hutchins compiled the map from many sources. It was generally well-received, but some contemporaries complained about the accuracy of the latitude and longitude measurements for various frontier towns, the location of Indian towns, and the courses of some rivers. The map is from the Rochambeau Collection at the Library of Congress, which consists of 40 manuscript maps, 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas that belonged to Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725-1807), commander in chief of the French expeditionary army (1780-82) during the American Revolution. Some of the maps were used by Rochambeau during the war. Dating from 1717 to 1795, the maps cover much of eastern North America, from Newfoundland and Labrador in the north to Haiti in the south. The collection includes maps of cities, maps showing Revolutionary War battles and military campaigns, and early state maps from the 1790s." World Digital Library.

Contributor Names

  • Hutchins, Thomas, 1730-1789.
  • Cheevers, T.

Created / Published

  • London, 1778.

Subject Headings

  • -  Mississippi River Valley--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • -  Ohio River Valley--Maps--Early works to 1800
  • -  United States--Mississippi River Valley
  • -  United States--Ohio River Valley

Notes

  • -  Hand colored.
  • -  Includes descriptive and historical notes.
  • -  Prime meridian: Philadelphia and London.
  • -  Relief shown pictorially and by hachures.
  • -  Supplements the author's A topographical description of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Carolina.
  • -  Scale ca. 1:1,270,000.
  • -  Brown, Lloyd Arnold. Early maps of the Ohio Valley. 51
  • -  LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 789
  • -  Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
  • -  AACR2: 100; 440; 651/1; 651/2; 700/1
  • -  Vault

Medium

  • col. map 88 x 108 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • G3707.O5 1778 .H8

Repository

  • Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 USA dcu

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • gm71002165

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.

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Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Hutchins, Thomas, and T Cheevers. A new map of the western parts of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Carolina; comprehending the River Ohio, and all the rivers, which fall into it; part of the River Mississippi, the whole of the Illinois River, Lake Erie; part of the Lakes Huron, Michigan &c. and all the country bordering on these lakes and rivers. London, 1778. Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/gm71002165/.

APA citation style:

Hutchins, T. & Cheevers, T. (1778) A new map of the western parts of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Carolina; comprehending the River Ohio, and all the rivers, which fall into it; part of the River Mississippi, the whole of the Illinois River, Lake Erie; part of the Lakes Huron, Michigan &c. and all the country bordering on these lakes and rivers. London. [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/gm71002165/.

MLA citation style:

Hutchins, Thomas, and T Cheevers. A new map of the western parts of Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and North Carolina; comprehending the River Ohio, and all the rivers, which fall into it; part of the River Mississippi, the whole of the Illinois River, Lake Erie; part of the Lakes Huron, Michigan &c. and all the country bordering on these lakes and rivers. London, 1778. Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/gm71002165/>.