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Map Carte des environs d'Hampton.

About this Item


  • Carte des environs d'Hampton.


  • "This topographic pen-and-ink and watercolor manuscript map of Hampton, Virginia, and its surroundings was created in 1781. The area shown on the map extends from the Chesapeake Bay westward to the mouth of the James River. The map shows the mouths of the Back (i.e., Black), James, and Elizabeth Rivers, as well as the towns of Hampton and Newport News. Other features include fortifications, houses in the area, roads, windmills, a Corps de garde (guardhouse) near Old Point Comfort, and vegetation. Scale is given in toises, an old French unit measuring about 1.95 meters. The map has a watermark in the shape of a fleur-de-lis, surmounting a scroll with three bars. North is oriented to the upper right, and relief is shown by hachures. Hampton was founded in 1610, and has claims to being the longest continuously occupied English settlement in the present-day United States. The map is from the Rochambeau Collection at the Library of Congress, which consists of 40 manuscript maps, 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas that belonged to Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725-1807), commander in chief of the French expeditionary army (1780-82) during the American Revolution. Some of the maps were used by Rochambeau during the war. Dating from 1717 to 1795, the maps cover much of eastern North America, from Newfoundland and Labrador in the north to Haiti in the south. The collection includes maps of cities, maps showing Revolutionary War battles and military campaigns, and early state maps from the 1790s." World Digital Library.

Created / Published

  • 1781.


  • -  Hampton (Va.)--Maps, Manuscript--Early works to 1800
  • -  Hampton Roads (Va.)--Maps, Manuscript--Early works to 1800
  • -  Newport News (Va.)--Maps, Manuscript--Early works to 1800
  • -  United States--Virginia--Hampton Roads
  • -  United States--Virginia--Hampton
  • -  United States--Virginia--Newport News


  • -  Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor.
  • -  Oriented with north toward the right.
  • -  Relief shown by hachures.
  • -  Watermark: Fleur de lis surmounting a scroll crossed with three bars.
  • -  Scale ca. 1:28,800; échelle de 3 lignes pour 100 toises.
  • -  LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1450
  • -  Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
  • -  AACR2: 440; 651/1; 651/2; 651/3
  • -  Vault


  • col. map 56 x 93 cm.

Call Number/Physical Location

  • G3884.H2 1781 .C3


  • Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 USA dcu

Digital Id

Library of Congress Control Number

  • gm71002167

Online Format

  • image

Additional Metadata Formats

IIIF Presentation Manifest

Rights & Access

The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.

Note that the written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item.

Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Carte des environs d'Hampton. 1781. Map.

APA citation style:

(1781) Carte des environs d'Hampton. [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Carte des environs d'Hampton. 1781. Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.