Map Armée de Rochambeau, 1782. Carte des environs de Williamsburg en Virginie où les armées françoise et américaine ont campés en Septembre 1781.
About this Item
- Armée de Rochambeau, 1782. Carte des environs de Williamsburg en Virginie où les armées françoise et américaine ont campés en Septembre 1781.
- "This topographic pen-and-ink and watercolor manuscript map of the Williamsburg, Virginia, area was made in 1782 by Jean Nicolas Desandrouins, a French army engineer and cartographer, shortly after the October 1781 Battle of Yorktown. It shows the encampments and positions of the French and American forces in September 1781, on the eve of the battle. The map provides a detailed plan of Williamsburg and its environs, and shows the location of estates, towns, and other significant sites. It shows houses and public buildings in Williamsburg, plantations in the countryside, roads, creeks, ferries, mills, the "New Magazine," and it gives the names of some local residents. A numbered key identifies military units, public buildings, and other points of interest. The map is oriented with north to the left. Relief is shown by hachures. Scale is given in toises, an old French unit measuring almost 1.95 meters. Yorktown, the last major land battle of the Revolutionary War, ended with the surrender of the British army under Lord Cornwallis to the combined French and American force and ultimately led to the Treaty of Paris of 1783 and British recognition of American independence. The map is from the Rochambeau Collection at the Library of Congress, which consists of 40 manuscript maps, 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas that belonged to Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725-1807), commander in chief of the French expeditionary army (1780-82) during the American Revolution. Some of the maps were used by Rochambeau during the war. Dating from 1717 to 1795, the maps cover much of eastern North America, from Newfoundland and Labrador in the north to Haiti in the south. The collection includes maps of cities, maps showing Revolutionary War battles and military campaigns, and early state maps from the 1790s." World Digital Library.
- Desandroüins, Jean Nicolas, 1729-1792.
Created / Published
- - Williamsburg (Va.)--History--Revolution, 1775-1783--Maps, Manuscript--Early works to 1800
- - United States--Virginia--Williamsburg
- - Indexed for points of interest.
- - Manuscript, pen-and-ink and watercolor.
- - Oriented with north to the left.
- - Relief shown by hachures.
- - Shows names of landholders.
- - Scale ca. 1:15,250.
- - LC Maps of North America, 1750-1789, 1452
- - Available also through the Library of Congress Web site as a raster image.
- - AACR2: 440; 651/1
- - Vault
- col. map; 65 x 91 cm.
Call Number/Physical Location
- G3884.W5S3 1781 .D4
- Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 USA dcu
Library of Congress Control Number
Additional Metadata Formats
IIIF Presentation Manifest
- Rochambeau Map Collection (71)
- France in America (634)
- American Revolution and Its Era: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750 to 1789 (1,435)
- Military Battles and Campaigns (4,492)
- World Digital Library (19,400)
- Geography and Map Division (56,144)
- American Memory (514,927)
- Library of Congress Online Catalog (1,410,560)
Rights & Access
The maps in the Map Collections materials were either published prior to 1922, produced by the United States government, or both (see catalogue records that accompany each map for information regarding date of publication and source). The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and is not aware of any U.S. copyright protection (see Title 17 of the United States Code) or any other restrictions in the Map Collection materials.
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Credit Line: Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.
Cite This Item
Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.
Chicago citation style:
Desandroüins, Jean Nicolas. Armée de Rochambeau, . Carte des environs de Williamsburg en Virginie où les armées françoise et américaine ont campés en Septembre 1781.  Map. https://www.loc.gov/item/gm71002174/.
APA citation style:
Desandroüins, J. N. (1782) Armée de Rochambeau, . Carte des environs de Williamsburg en Virginie où les armées françoise et américaine ont campés en Septembre 1781. [Map] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/gm71002174/.
MLA citation style:
Desandroüins, Jean Nicolas. Armée de Rochambeau, . Carte des environs de Williamsburg en Virginie où les armées françoise et américaine ont campés en Septembre 1781.  Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/gm71002174/>.