Book/Printed Material Defence of Fort M'Henry

About this Item


  • Defence of Fort M'Henry

Contributor Names

  • [Key, Francis Scott] -- 1779-1843 (author)

Created / Published

  • John Gruber and Daniel May, Hagers-town [MD], 1814.

Subject Headings

  • -  United States -- History -- War of 1812 -- Songs and music


  • -  The traditional favorite for first book publication of "The star spangled banner," though three others published that year could make the same claim. This one is accredited as first by most historians.
  • -  Published in "National songster; or, a collection of the most admired patriotic songs, on the brilliant victories, achieved by the naval and military heroes of the United States of America, over equal and superior forces of the British," pages 30-31.

LC Classification

  • M1628.N28 (case)

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf

Additional Metadata Formats

Rights & Access

Copyright and Restrictions

The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. There may be content that is protected as "works for hire" (copyright may be held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations.

Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permissions ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Users should consult the bibliographic information that accompanies each item for specific information. This catalog data provides the details known to the Library of Congress regarding the corresponding items and may assist users in making independent assessments of the legal status of these items as related to their desired uses.

Items included here with the permission of the rights holders are indicated as such in the bibliographic record for each item.

Because of copyright laws, songs from the twentieth century may not be represented by very many items on the Web site. While every effort has been made to obtain permission to use these songs or portions of these songs, in some cases this has not been possible. Therefore there may be no recordings or paper items to illustrate those songs. In some instances, the rights' owner may have only granted permission to use a portion of the material online. In those cases, only 30-second excerpts of sound recordings are used, and only one or two pages of print or manuscript materials are used.

The use of U.S. Armed Forces sound recordings in no way indicates an endorsement of the Web site by any branch of the Armed Forces.

In some cases, the Library was unable to identify a possible rights holder and has elected to place some of those items online as an exercise of fair use for strictly non-commercial educational uses. The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and would like to hear from individuals or institutions that have any additional information or know of their history. Please contact: Performing Arts Reading Room.

Suggested credit line: Library of Congress, Music Division

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Key, Francis Scott. Defence of Fort M'Henry. [John Gruber and Daniel May, Hagers-town MD, 1814] Pdf.

APA citation style:

Key, F. S. (1814) Defence of Fort M'Henry. [John Gruber and Daniel May, Hagers-town MD] [Pdf] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Key, Francis Scott. Defence of Fort M'Henry. [John Gruber and Daniel May, Hagers-town MD, 1814] Pdf. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.