Detail from [Landscape with Flute-playing Shepherd] by Valentin LeFebre, after Titian, 17th century. Dayton C. Miller Collection, Music Division, Library of Congress.
after a drawing by Tiziano Vecelli, called Titian, ca. 1488-1576
In this scene, a shepherd plays a flute (a cylindrical keyless flute of Renaissance pattern) and walks with his dog at the left, ahead of a herd of sheep. A laden donkey follows closely after the shepherd and his dog. Two other shepherds follow the herd and hurry the sheep along. There is a wooded scene in the left background and there is a large tree at the top center of the image. Two lateen-sailed ships are on a lake at the right, and there is a village in the right middle distance. A stream is in the foreground and mountains are in the far distance on the right.
This is an etching by Valentin LeFebre (ca. 1642-ca. 1680), after a drawing by Titian (ca. 1488-1576). There is an etching by LeFebre of this subject in the Fondation Custodia, Collection Frits Lugt, Institut Néerlandais, Paris, inventory number 7620/26. The pen and ink drawing by Titian of this subject is in the Graphische Sammlung Albertina, Vienna, inventory number 1477. The etchings by LeFebre, after Titian and Veronese, were published by Jan van Campen in Opera selectioria quae Titianus Vecellius Cadubriensis et Paulus Calliari Veronensis inventarunt ac pinxerunt quaeque Valentinus le Febre Bruxellensis delineavit et sculpsit. Venice: J. van Campen, 1682. See another etching in the Miller collection by LeFebre after Titian, 39/K.
About the Artists
Valentin LeFebre, painter and engraver, ca. 1642-ca. 1680
Valentin LeFebre (spelled LeFebvre in Bénézit) was a Flemish painter and engraver who was born in Brussels about 1642. He died about 1680, but the place of his death is not given in Bénézit. He apparently came to Venice at an early age and was known as a history and portrait painter, who painted in the style of Paolo Veronese. He made reproductive engravings after the works of Titian, Veronese, and Tintoretto. A selection of LeFebre's etchings after Titian and Veronese was published by Jan van Campen in Venice in 1682.
Titian, painter, draughtsman, printmaker, ca. 1488-1576
Titian was a renowned 16th-century Venetian painter, draughtsman and printmaker.
- See D. Rosand, "Giorgione, Venice, and the Pastoral Vision," p. 79, n. 23, in Places of Delight, an exhibition catalogue, National Gallery of Art and The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C., 1988-1989. [back to article]
- For further biographical information on Titian, see the following two articles: 1) "Titian" in the Oxford Companion to Western Art which is available via Oxford Art Online; and 2) a more extensive article, with bibliography, "Titian" in Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online (both by subscription only). [back to article]