Photograph of Adolph Bolm in the role of Amoun in Cleopatre, 1909. Music Div., Library of Congress.
Music by Anton Arensky, with additional music by Aleksandr Glazunov, Mikhail Glinka, Modest Mussorgsky, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Sergei Taneyev, Nikolai Tcherepnin; sets and costumes by Léon Bakst; choreography by Michel Fokine; premiere on 2 June 1909, Théâtre du Châtelet, Paris. [Cléopâtre was based on Fokine’s 1908 Une Nuit d’Egypte, which featured three of the Ballets Russes most famous dancers: Anna Pavlova, Ida Rubinstein, and Tamara Karsavina. The ballet was restaged in 1918 with sets by Robert Delaunay, costumes by Sonia Delaunay, and a new pas de deux by Léonide Massine.]