Article The Firebird (ballet in one act and one tableux)

Music by Igor Stravinsky; libretto by Michel Fokine; sets by Aleksandr Golovin, with additional costumes by Léon Bakst; premiere on 25 June 1910, Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Paris. [The work was restaged in 1926 with sets and costumes by Natalia Goncharova.]

Stung by criticism from the Paris critics that claimed Diaghilev produced well-danced ballets with exotic décors and costumes, but with no comparable innovative music component, he turned to the young composer Igor Stravinsky. The Firebird represented Stravinsky’s first commission from the Ballets Russes and proved to be the catalyst that began his ascent to international acclaim. The ballet is considered to be one of Michel Fokine’s best choreographies and one of Diaghilev’s most successful collaborative efforts.

About this Item


  • The Firebird (ballet in one act and one tableux)


  • Stravinsky, Igor -- 1882-1971 (composer)
  • Fokine, Michel (librettist)
  • Golovin, Aleksandr (set_designer)
  • Bakst, Léon -- 1866-1924 (costume_designer)
  • Fokine, Michel (choreographer)

Created / Published

  • Théâtre National de l’Opéra, Paris, 25 June 1910.


  • -  Articles
  • -  Songs and Music


  • article

Additional Metadata Formats

Rights & Access

The Library of Congress is providing access to these materials for educational and research purposes and makes no warranty with regard to their use for other purposes. The written permission of the copyright owners and/or other rights holders (such as holders of publicity and/or privacy rights) is required for distribution, reproduction, or other use of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use or other statutory exemptions. There may be content that is protected as "works for hire" (copyright may be held by the party that commissioned the original work) and/or under the copyright or neighboring-rights laws of other nations.

Responsibility for making an independent legal assessment of an item and securing any necessary permission ultimately rests with persons desiring to use the item. Users should consult the bibliographic information that accompanies each item for specific information. This catalog data provides the details known to the Library of Congress regarding the corresponding items and may assist users in making independent assessments of the legal status of these items as related to their desired uses.

Items included here with the permission of the rights holders are indicated as such in the bibliographic record for each item.

In some cases, the Library was unable to identify a possible rights holder and has elected to place some of those items online as an exercise of fair use for strictly non-commercial educational uses. The Library of Congress would like to learn more about these materials and would like to hear from individuals or institutions that have any additional information or know of their history. Please contact:  Performing Arts Reading Room.

Suggested credit line: Library of Congress, Music Division.

Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Stravinsky, Igor, Michel Fokine, Aleksandr Golovin, Léon Bakst, and Michel Fokine. TheFirebird ballet in one act and one tableux. Théâtre National de l'Opéra, Paris, 25 June, 1910. Web..

APA citation style:

Stravinsky, I., Fokine, M., Golovin, A., Bakst, L. & Fokine, M. (1910) TheFirebird ballet in one act and one tableux. Théâtre National de l'Opéra, Paris, 25 June. [Web.] Retrieved from the Library of Congress,

MLA citation style:

Stravinsky, Igor, et al. TheFirebird ballet in one act and one tableux. Théâtre National de l'Opéra, Paris, 25 June, 1910. Web.. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <>.