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Web Archive Gabungan Pilihanraya Bersih dan Adil (Bersih)

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Full online access to this resource is only available at the Library of Congress.

Full online access to this resource is only available at the Library of Congress.

About this Item

Title

  • Gabungan Pilihanraya Bersih dan Adil (Bersih)

Summary

  • "The Coalition for Clean and Fair Elections (Malay: Gabungan Pilihanraya Bersih dan Adil) or Bersih (meaning clean in Malay) is a coalition of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) which seeks to reform the current electoral system in Malaysia to ensure free, clean and fair elections. It was officially formed on 23 November 2006 as a joint communiqué that comprised leaders from political parties, civil society groups and NGOs. Bersih accused the Election Commission under Prime Minister's Department for manipulating the electoral process to give an unfair advantage to the ruling National Front coalition. Bersih claimed that the electoral roll was marred by irregularities such as gerrymandering, phantom voters, malapportionment and postal vote frauds. On 10 November 2007, Bersih organised the first rally with 10,000 to 40,000 turnout and held a public demonstration at Dataran Merdeka, Kuala Lumpur. Supporters of Bersih were urged to wear yellow T-shirts as a symbol of protest. The rally was often credited for the shift in political landscape in 2008 general election, when the incumbent National Front coalition failed to obtain a two-thirds supermajority for the first time since 1969. In April 2010, the coalition was relaunched as an entirely civil society movement ('Bersih 2.0') unaffiliated to any political party. On 19 June 2011, former president of the Bar Council, Dato' Ambiga Sreenevasan became the chairperson of the coalition. In 2011 and 2012, two more rallies (Bersih 2.0 and Bersih 3.0) were organised seeing that the demands for the electoral reforms have not been met by the Electoral Commission." -- Summary retrieved on October 7, 2019 http://dbpedia.org/resource/Bersih

Created / Published

  • Malaysia.

Headings

  • -  Human Rights
  • -  Political Science
  • -  Asian Studies
  • -  Government

Genre

  • website

Form

  • electronic

Repository

  • Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 20540 USA

Source Url

  • http://bersih.org/
  • https://www.bersih.org/
  • https://bersih.org/

Access Condition

  • Access restricted to on-site users

Scopes

  • -  bersih.org (domain)
  • -  www.pemantau.org/ (domain)

Online Format

  • web page

Additional Metadata Formats

Rights & Access

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Not all content that the Library has archives for is currently available through the Library’s website. Limitations affecting access to the archived content include a one-year embargo period for all content in the archive. Content outside of the embargo period is updated and made available regularly. For more information visit the Web Archiving Program | For Researchers page.

Citing Resources in the Web Archive

Citations should indicate: Archived in the Library of Congress Web Archives at www.loc.gov. When citing a particular website include the archived website's Citation ID (e.g., /item/lcwa00010240). Researchers are advised to follow standard citation guidelines for websites, pages, and articles. Researchers are reminded that many of the materials in this web archive are copyrighted and that citations must credit the authors/creators and publishers of the works. For guidance about compiling full citations consult Citing Primary Sources.

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Gabungan Pilihanraya Bersih dan Adil Bersih. Malaysia, 2012. Web Archive. https://www.loc.gov/item/lcwaN0006281/.

APA citation style:

(2012) Gabungan Pilihanraya Bersih dan Adil Bersih. Malaysia. [Web Archive] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/lcwaN0006281/.

MLA citation style:

Gabungan Pilihanraya Bersih dan Adil Bersih. Malaysia, 2012. Web Archive. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/lcwaN0006281/>.