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Photo, Print, Drawing Hotel Charles, 1741-1767 Main Street & 9-17 Frank B. Murray Street, Springfield, Hampden County, MA

[ Photos from Survey HABS MA-1294  ]

More Resources

[ Data Pages from Survey HABS MA-1294  ]
[ Photo Captions from Survey HABS MA-1294  ]

About this Item

Title

  • Hotel Charles, 1741-1767 Main Street & 9-17 Frank B. Murray Street, Springfield, Hampden County, MA

Names

  • Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
  • Lavalle, Albert A
  • Marsh, Henry E
  • Cooley, Justin M
  • Museum Resource Consultants, contractor
  • Vergara, transmitter
  • Langone, James, photographer
  • Farmer, Gregory, historian

Created / Published

  • Documentation compiled after 1933

Headings

  • -  hotels
  • -  commercial facilities
  • -  apartment hotels
  • -  travel
  • -  fires
  • -  demolition (process)
  • -  building deterioration
  • -  railroad industry
  • -  commerce
  • -  displacement
  • -  social welfare
  • -  abolition movement
  • -  real estate development
  • -  depressions
  • -  condemning
  • -  vandalism
  • -  Renaissance Revival architectural elements
  • -  Massachusetts -- Hampden County -- Springfield

Latitude / Longitude

  • 43.90448,-72.52509

Notes

  • -  Significance: The Hotel Charles complex was listed in the National Register of Historic Places on February 24, 1983 as a contributing structure in the Downtown Springfield Historic Resources Area (63 properties). It was also listed on May 27, 1983 as a contributing structure in the Downtown Springfield Railroad District (11 properties). The Downtown Springfield Railroad District represents the impact of the railroad on local development. Easy access to rail transportation gave the city a comparative economic advantage which contributed to rapid industrial and commercial growth in the late nineteenth century. At the junction of major north-south and east-west lines, Springfield became known as the "Crossroads of New England." The Hotel Charles is the successor to Cooley's Hotel, established in 1849 and grown over the years to a complex of five buildings occupying the key parcel between the railroad station and Main St. in Springfield. The tower of the Hotel Charles, erected in 1928, represented the last phase of growth for the hotel complex. It is one of the earliest steel-skeleton and masonry structures in the city and was the third building in the city to reach a height of 125 feet. The hotel represents the growth of the local economy in the period 1870-1929, spurred by a skilled labor force, a diverse industrial base and superb railroad access. With the decline in rail travel and the general economic depression, the hotel complex turned to supplemental uses. By the 1970s, the Main St. buildings were occupied by an Army & Navy Store and the hotel tower served as low-income and transient housing. The City of Springfield acquired the Hotel Charles complex in 1988 with the intention of rehabilitating it for market-rate residential use. A major fire in June 1988 completely gutted the complex and led to the immediate demolition of all structures except the hotel tower. The tower has been vacant since that time.
  • -  Survey number: HABS MA-1294
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1849 Initial Construction
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1890 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1905 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1882 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1904 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1928 Subsequent Work
  • -  National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 83000745

Medium

  • Photo(s): 27
  • Data Page(s): 13
  • Photo Caption Page(s): 3

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HABS MASS,7-SPRIF,8-

Source Collection

  • Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Repository

Control Number

  • ma1601

Rights Advisory

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, Albert A Lavalle, Henry E Marsh, Justin M Cooley, Contractor Museum Resource Consultants, and Gregory Farmer, Langone, James, photographer. Hotel Charles, -1767 Main Street & 9-17 Frank B. Murray Street, Springfield, Hampden County, MA. Hampden County Massachusetts Springfield, 1933. translateds by Vergaramitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/ma1601/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C., Lavalle, A. A., Marsh, H. E., Cooley, J. M., Museum Resource Consultants, C. & Farmer, G., Langone, J., photographer. (1933) Hotel Charles, -1767 Main Street & 9-17 Frank B. Murray Street, Springfield, Hampden County, MA. Hampden County Massachusetts Springfield, 1933. Vergaramitter, trans Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ma1601/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al., photographer by Langone, James. Hotel Charles, -1767 Main Street & 9-17 Frank B. Murray Street, Springfield, Hampden County, MA. trans by Vergaramitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/ma1601/>.