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Photo, Print, Drawing Derby Wharf Light Station, Salem, Essex County, MA

[ Drawings from Survey HABS MA-1350  ]

More Resources

[ Data Pages from Survey HABS MA-1350  ]
[ Photo Captions from Survey HABS MA-1350  ]

About this Item

Title

  • Derby Wharf Light Station, Salem, Essex County, MA

Names

  • Historic American Buildings Survey, creator
  • United States Lighthouse Service
  • U.S. Coast Guard
  • Friends of Salem Maritime
  • U.S. Lighthouse Board
  • Derby, Richard
  • Derby, Elias Hasket
  • Lavoie, Catherine C., historian
  • Davidson, Paul, delineator
  • Croteau, Todd A., photographer
  • Croteau, Todd A., field team
  • Salem Maritime National Historical Park, sponsor
  • McPartland, Mary, transmitter
  • Stranieri, Marcella, transmitter

Created / Published

  • Documentation compiled after 1933

Headings

  • -  lighthouses
  • -  maritime
  • -  shipping
  • -  navigation
  • -  aids to navigation
  • -  brick buildings
  • -  Fresnel lenses
  • -  steel doors
  • -  ironwork
  • -  ventilators
  • -  iron railings
  • -  Massachusetts--Essex County--Salem

Latitude / Longitude

  • 42.516588,-70.883543

Notes

  • -  Significance: Derby Wharf Light Station was built by the U.S. Lighthouse Service between 1870 and 1871 as one of three lights providing aid to navigation in and around Salem Harbor, an area made hazardous by rocks, ledges, and shallow waters. In so doing, the lighthouse has played a vital role in facilitating the local coastal trade and fishing industries. It is noteworthy architecturally as one of only five square-plan lighthouses in Massachusetts. It sits at the end of Derby Wharf, named for the merchant family who built it beginning in 1764, expanding it to its currently length of over 2,000' by 1809. Salem was among the nation's most important ports during the Colonial and Early Republic periods as a key component of the trans-Atlantic maritime trade. The wharfs that supported commercial warehouses and other associated maritime buildings and provided docking space for vessels were crucial to those operations; of them Derby Wharf was largest, busiest, and hence the most important. It remains today as one of the last vestiges of Salem's historic waterfront development. Together with the Derby Light Station, the two sites are among the significant resources that define the Derby Waterfront Historic District and the Salem National Historic Site.
  • -  Unprocessed Field note material exists for this structure: N2505
  • -  Survey number: HABS MA-1350
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1870-1871 Initial Construction
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1917 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1930 Subsequent Work
  • -  Building/structure dates: 1983 Subsequent Work
  • -  National Register of Historic Places NRIS Number: 87001466

Medium

  • Photo(s): 14
  • Color Transparencies: 1
  • Measured Drawing(s): 2
  • Data Page(s): 11
  • Photo Caption Page(s): 2

Call Number/Physical Location

  • HABS MA-1350

Source Collection

  • Historic American Buildings Survey (Library of Congress)

Repository

  • Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/pp.print

Control Number

  • ma1844

Rights Advisory

Online Format

  • image
  • pdf

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  • Call Number: HABS MA-1350
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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, United States Lighthouse Service, U.S. Coast Guard, Friends Of Salem Maritime, U.S. Lighthouse Board, Richard Derby, Elias Hasket Derby, et al., Croteau, Todd A, photographer. Derby Wharf Light Station, Salem, Essex County, MA. Massachusetts Salem Essex County, 1933. translateds by Mcpartland, Marymitter, and Stranieri, Marcellamitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/ma1844/.

APA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, C., United States Lighthouse Service, U.S. Coast Guard, Friends Of Salem Maritime, U.S. Lighthouse Board, Derby, R. [...] Salem Maritime National Historical Park, S., Croteau, T. A., photographer. (1933) Derby Wharf Light Station, Salem, Essex County, MA. Massachusetts Salem Essex County, 1933. McPartland, M. & Stranieri, M., transs Documentation Compiled After. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/ma1844/.

MLA citation style:

Historic American Buildings Survey, Creator, et al., photographer by Croteau, Todd A. Derby Wharf Light Station, Salem, Essex County, MA. trans by Mcpartland, Marymitter, and Stranieri, Marcellamitter Documentation Compiled After. Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/ma1844/>.