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Manuscript/Mixed Material Watercolor by George R. West of the Buddhist Temple of the Goddess of Mercy, Macao, China, where the first Sino-American treaty was signed in 1844.

About this Item

Title

  • Watercolor by George R. West of the Buddhist Temple of the Goddess of Mercy, Macao, China, where the first Sino-American treaty was signed in 1844.

Created / Published

  • 1844

Headings

  • -  Artists
  • -  Diplomacy
  • -  Foreign relations
  • -  Diplomats
  • -  China
  • -  Painters
  • -  Cushing, Caleb (1800-1879)
  • -  Exterritoriality
  • -  Macao
  • -  Treaties
  • -  Treaty of Wang-Hsia (1844)
  • -  Wang-Hsia, Macao
  • -  Manuscripts

Genre

  • Manuscripts

Notes

  • -  Reproduction number: A24 (color slide); LC-MSS-17509-4 (B&W negative and color transparency)
  • -  The Buddhist Temple of the Goddess of Mercy, located in the settlement of Wang-Hsia on the island of Macao, the Portuguese colony lying off the delta of the Canton River, was the site of the signing of the Treaty of Wang-Hsia. Caleb Cushing (1800-1879), of Newburyport, Massachusetts, a United States representative prior to his mission to China, successfully negotiated this first treaty between the United States and China. Signed on 3 July 1844, it won the same concessions that the British had gained in the Treaty of Nanking following the conclusion of the Opium War in 1842. Five treaty ports were to be opened to United States trade, and the principle of extraterritoriality was set forth, whereby United States citizens living in China would be tried by the United States consul in accordance with the laws of the United States. The watercolor on paper of the Buddhist Temple at Wang-Hsia was painted by George R. West (1811-1877), who was included in Cushing's diplomatic entourage as an official painter. It is one of many paintings in the Cushing Papers relating to the 1844 mission.

Source Collection

  • Caleb Cushing Papers

Repository

  • Manuscript Division

Online Format

  • pdf
  • image

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Cite This Item

Citations are generated automatically from bibliographic data as a convenience, and may not be complete or accurate.

Chicago citation style:

Watercolor by George R. West of the Buddhist Temple of the Goddess of Mercy, Macao, China, where the first Sino-American treaty was signed in. 1844. Manuscript/Mixed Material. https://www.loc.gov/item/mcc.008/.

APA citation style:

(1844) Watercolor by George R. West of the Buddhist Temple of the Goddess of Mercy, Macao, China, where the first Sino-American treaty was signed in. [Manuscript/Mixed Material] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/mcc.008/.

MLA citation style:

Watercolor by George R. West of the Buddhist Temple of the Goddess of Mercy, Macao, China, where the first Sino-American treaty was signed in. 1844. Manuscript/Mixed Material. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/mcc.008/>.